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stained-glass-lnks – 10/24/03


Web links to medieval stained glass by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: glasswork-msg, glass-bib, lapidary-msg, ceramics-bib, enameling-msg, brushes-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I  have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I  have done  a limited amount  of  editing. Messages having to do  with separate topics  were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the  message IDs  were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make  no claims  as  to the accuracy  of  the information  given by the individual authors.


Please  respect the time  and  efforts of  those who have written  these messages. The  copyright status  of these messages  is  unclear at this time. If  information  is  published  from  these  messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: Lis <liontamr at ptd.net>

Date: Wed Oct 22, 2003 10:14:31 PM US/Central

To: Stefan li Rous <StefanliRous at austin.rr.com

Subject: Links: Stained Glass




Of all the things that have been left behind for us to admire from the

Middle Ages and Renaissance, Stained Glass Windows happen to be the most

colorful and enlightening. From design elements, to techniques, to scenes of

everyday life, by looking at these windows, you are seeing actual artifacts

beautifully and painstakingly created by the medieval hand. So join me on a

tour of stained glass windows form varying parts of Europe, and learn a

little about how medieval and renaissance people viewed life through rose

colored windows.....


As always, please pass this list along to those who would enjoy reading it.






Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon

Canton of Riveoruge

Barony of the Endless Hills

Kingdom of Aethelmearc




Medieval stained glass windows

from Esslingen am Neckar (Germany)


(Site Excerpt) Over 400 stained glass panes dating to the 13th and 14th

centuries have been preserved in three churches in Esslingen. Practically

all the themes found in the sculptural repertoire of the great French

Cathedrals of this time are represented, including the Virtues and Vices.

Even the everyday life of the citizens of Esslingen is reflected, in scenes

from the Life of Mary.


How were stained glass windows made?


(Site Excerpt) The only colours available in the Middle Ages were

saffron-yellow, purplish-red, green, blue and copper-red. Miniatures often

provided the models for the stained glass windows. One cut the small

coloured glass panes to size and then painted them with black solder/flux?

(Schwarzlot), a mixture of iron and copper powder. After 1300 silver

solder/flux? (Silberlot) was also available, which allowed for a new range

of colours, for example light yellow and reddish-yellow. The colours were

melted onto the glass.


Medieval Stained Glass


A List of links of images with brief descriptions


Stained Glass Techniques


(Site Excerpt) The big challenge with stained glass is to find a way to get

the brightest range of colours with the fewest pieces. You can just mosaic

the pieces together, but that will produce an awful lot of black leading.

Below, I have presented the techniques in chronological order of

development, so that you can see the range of possibilities widening.


Renaissance and Baroque

Stained Glass


A list of links with images


Infoplease: Medieval Stained Glass (Warning: Lots of Pop-ups)


(Site Excerpt) With the development of medieval architecture, stained glass

assumed a unique structural and symbolic importance. As the Romanesque

massiveness of the wall was eliminated, the use of glass was expanded. It

was integrated with the lofty vertical elements of Gothic architecture, thus

providing greater illumination. Symbolically, it was regarded as a

manifestation of divine light. In these transparent mosaics, biblical

history and church dogmas were portrayed with great effectiveness.

Resplendent in its material and spiritual richness, stained glass became one

of the most beautiful forms of medieval artistic expression.


In the womb of the rose: Medieval Stained Glass


(Site Excerpt) The Rose windows of Northern Europe, like the North rose from

Chartres Cathedral above, are mandalas on a grand scale using the craft of

glass with its orchestration of Light to an effect unparalleled in any other

tradition. Light as a metaphor for transcendent reality was perceived as

both as a transmitted material reality (lux) and standing for the

illumination of the love of God (lumens) This concept was given form in the

windows of European cathedrals during the middle ages.


Digitization of the Survey of Medieval Stained Glass (Acrobat reader



Though this paper is copy-protected, it is an excellent resource: a study

that aims to catalog the medieval stained glass---all of it--up to the year



Medieval World Links

Stained Glass


A comprehensive list of sites


Newyorkcarver.com's virtual cathedral project: Chapter 2. Stained Glass:

Painting With Light


(Site Excerpt) So with the aid of the pointed arch and the flying buttress,

cathedral walls were strengthened to such a degree that spaces could be cut

away for larger window casements - and thereby meet the terms of Gothic's

prime directive: MORE light. The high reaches of Gothic construction came

when the architect, stonecutter, ironworker and glazier pooled their skills

to create the luminous rose windows of the era.... From the outside, the

bland stone tracery gave no clue to the shimmering light inside as shown, at

left, in the original drawing for the West Rose Window at Chartres. At

right, the interior, transformed.


Medieval Stained Glass


An excellent series of up-close images form various windows


Stained Glass | A Brief History


(Site Excerpt)  The origins of the first stained glass windows are lost in

history. The technique probably came from jewelry making, cloisonnŽ and

mosaics. Stained glass windows as we know them, seemed to arise when

substantial church building began. By the 10th century, depictions of Christ

and biblical scenes were found in French and German churches and decorative

designs found in England.


Stained Glass in Medieval Europe


(A comprehensive list of thumbnails. Site Excerpt:) Most of what is known

about medieval stained-glass making comes from a twelfth-century German monk

who called himself Theophilus. An artist and metalworker himself, Theophilus

described in his text, On Diverse Arts, how he carefully studied glaziers

and glass painters at work in order to provide detailed directions for

creating windows of "inestimable beauty."


Monastery Stained Glass

Northamptonshire (A Dealer)


Click on the Sections of Avilable Panels link.


About stained glass


(Site Excerpt) The means of colouring glass was understood in the early

years of the Common Era. The earliest stained glass in Europe has been found

at Jarrow at the monastery where Bede lived, prayed, taught and wrote. It

dates from the seventh century and some of the fragments have been pieced

together to form a roundel which has been placed in a window of the Saxon

church which forms the chancel of the present church of St Peter and St Paul

at the monastic site.


The sweat of hard work is not to be displayed. It is much more graceful to

appear to be favored by the gods.  ---Maxine Hong Kingston, The Woman



<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org