glass-bib - 11/30/02
A bibliography on glass and glass beads by Master Magnus Malleus, OL.
This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.
This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org
I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.
The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the individual authors.
Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this time. If information is published from these messages, please give credit to the originator(s).
Mark S. Harris AKA: THLord Stefan li Rous
Stefan at florilegium.org
Date: Wed, 10 Apr 2002 11:52:46 -0400
From: rmhowe <MMagnusM at bellsouth.net>
To: sca-arts at raven.cc.ku.edu,
"- BARONY of WINDMASTERS' HILL" <keep at windmastershill.org>
Subject: Re: looking for millefiori beads (Venetian glass)
> As we are speaking of glass beads
> I went to an event http://members.nbci.com/wendysweb/SCA/BHdG/2001/ And
> had a bead making class.
> http://members.nbci.com/wendysweb/SCA/BHdG/2001/bg.jpg (not me) taught by
> http://members.nbci.com/wendysweb/SCA/BHdG/2001/ From which I left with my
> own glass bead.
> This was a great class! about a subject I have been curious about for a
> long time.
> Now I went home and crushed a blue nun bottle and experimented on my
> air/acetylene torch and found I could not quite achieve enough heat.
Air Acetylene should have enough heat. I think the problem may be
that Blue Nun bottles, if I remember correctly are not glass but
Stoneware that is glazed on the outside. At least that is what a
similar one that was a wedding gift to us we still have appears
to be. Nearing 18 years now and we still have it.
> She was using a map gas torch and had no problem melting
> commercial glass rods.
Mapp Gas heats to about 2500 degrees, although the local group
prefers HOT HEAD torch heads to use with it. Better for glass
working. You also need to get some glassworking tinted glasses
or clip ons to protect your eyes from the sulphur flares when
you work glass.
If I remember correctly glass enamel melts about 1400 degrees F.
At least the stuff I use does. I have done cloisonne and a few
beads. I used a Mapp Gas torch for the beads.
Here is what I have in my files that has not been in someone
elses posts. SCA Arts had a big discussion of this in 2000.:
Andersson, Aron : Die Glasmalereien des Mittelalters in
Skandinavien; (Glass painters of the Middle Ages in Scandinavia)
Stockholm, 1964.; 321 pp. With 205 plates (30 col.) & 66 text-ills.
Cloth. sm.folio. [stained glass] *Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi
Grose, D. EARLY ANCIENT GLASS
1989. Core-Formed, Rod-Formed and Cast Vessels and Objects from
the late Bronze Age to the early Roman Empire, 1600 BC to AD 50.
Toledo Museum of Art. Lge 4to 453pp Profusely illustrated. A magnificent
Harden, D.B. GLASS OF THE CAESARS
1987. Card cvrs, 4to 313pp Profusely illustrated.
Superb catalogue of Roman glass. Corning Museum of Glass.
Haynes, E Barrington GLASS THROUGH THE AGES
1970, revised edition. Card covers, 310pp 96 plts + ills in
text. Includes a section on glassmaking in England plus
100pp dealing with English drinking glasses of the 18th
Century classified by stem formation. Eminently useful and
considered "the most authoritative work on the subject of
glass and glass collecting".
HEIREMANS, M.: 20th Century Murano Glass: From Craft to Design.
Arnoldsche, 1996. 232pp, 186 colour illustrations. Text in English,
German and Flemish. This book looks at the development of Murano
glass between 1910 and 1970. The objects, mainly vases, bowls and
figurines show the designers wealth of ideas and the
full use of
HEIREMANS, M.: Art Glass from Murano.
Arnoldsche, 1993. 376pp, 268 colour, 55 b&w illustrations. This
beautifully illustrated book shows 290 masterpieces from the
archives at Murano and museums and private collections around
Europe, America and Japan. Detailed photographs allow a close
study of the technical details of this specialised Murano Art,
whilst accompanying authoritative text focuses on the details
of glass making.
Heiremans, Marc. Art Glass from Murano - Glas-Kunst aus
Murano (German edition of above) - 1910 -1970.
Stuttgart 1993, Arnoldsche. 4 . 376 S. Mit 268 meist farbigen
Abb. Biographien der Künstler, OLeinenbd.
Kampfer, F. & Beyer, K.G.: GLASS A WORLD HISTORY -The story of
4000 years of fine Glass-Making; 1966, Lge 4to, 315pp, 243 plts
(40 colour). A scholarly history of fine glass making - a standard work.
Marshall, Jo: GLASS SOURCE BOOK; 1990. 4to, 192pp., Richly
illustrated survey of the world's great glass-making traditions,
period by period
Neuburg, Frederic: ANCIENT GLASS; 1962, cloth hardback binding,
4to, 110pp + 101 plates + 10 colour. Traces the history of
glass-making from Egypt 2000 BC through to the
Roman and Byzantine Empires. A standard reference work.
Norman, Barbara: GLASS ENGRAVING; NY, 1981, 189pp & 59 plts.
A comprehensive and well illustrated survey of the various
methods of engraving on glass.
Osborne, June: STAINED GLASS IN ENGLAND
1981. Hardback. 4to, 224 pages, 88 colour illustrations. A
general history plus a guide listing 1500 churches etc
county by county.
Osborne, June STAINED GLASS IN ENGLAND; 1993. 270pp.,
Well illustrated including 32 colour plates. A standard
reference work. Revised and updated edition.
Philippe, Prof Dr. Joseph: GLASS: HISTORY AND ART - From the
Beginnings until Today; 1982. Card covers. VG 8to 150 pages.
Profusely illustrated with 272 plates of which 28 are in colour.
The author is Director of the Liege Museum of Glass.
Rackham, Bernard: A GUIDE TO THE COLLECTIONS OF STAINED GLASS;
1936, Hardback, 141pp Plus 104 full page plates illustrating
many items. Victoria and Albert Museum.
Sarpellon, Giovanni MINIATURE MASTERPIECES Mosaic Glass l838-1924
1995. dw VG Lge 4to 192pp 1084 illustrations (1073 in colour). The
standard work on the revival of mosaic glass work on Murano in the
19th and early 20th C.
Sotheby Auction Catalogue: THE COLLECTION OF IMPORTANT
ENGLISH ENAMELS (IONIDES COLLECTION) 1967. Hardback .
Formerly the Property of the late Hon. Mrs Nellie Ionides.
4to 62 pages plus 14 plates illustrating many items.
Bound in green cloth with gilt titles.
Sotheby Auction Catalogue FINE NETSUKE AND OJIME from the H.G
Beasley Collection; 1984. Card covers. Executors of the Late Miss
M.A.Beasley. 46 pages. 17 black and white plates and 5 full page
colour plates featuring nearly 200 items in the sale.
Sotheby Catalogue, AN IMPRESSIVE COLLECTION OF VIENNESE ENAMELS
1979. Card cvrs 4to 34pp Fully illustrated in colour and black and
Society of Antiquaries of London: Archaeologia; or, Miscellaneous
Tracts Relating to Antiquity, Volume CVII, London, 1982, pp.222,
text-illustrations, plates. Includes Anglo-Saxon Glass claw-beakers;
The stained glass of the Chapel of the Vyne and the Chapel of the
Holy Ghost, Basingstoke.
Stern, E.Marianne & Schlick-Nolte, Birgit: EARLY GLASS OF THE ANCIENT
WORLD, 1600 B.C. - A.D.50; 1994. Card covers. The Ernesto Wolf
Collection. 4to, 432 pages, 116 pages of scholarly text with over 200
monochrome plates, plus over 200 colour plates of catalogue items
with extensive descriptions of each piece.
* This I just bought at $15 U.S., down from $80 from Barnes and
Noble this week, new in the bargain section. Has over a hundred pages
in the front with illustrations describing the techniques.
Tait, Hugh THE GOLDEN AGE OF VENETIAN GLASS
1979. Hardback., 4to, 135 pages. Profusely illustrated, British Museum.
Turner, William: TRANSFER PRINTING ON ENAMELS, PORCELAIN AND POTTERY :
Its Origin and Development in the United Kingdom; 1907. Hardback.
175 pages + 48 full page plates.
Whistler, Laurence POINT ENGRAVING ON GLASS
1992. Hardback VG 93pp Profusely illustrated monograph.
Shortland, Andrew J.: Vitreous Materials at Amarna: The Production
of Glass and Faience in 18th Dynasty Egypt. BAR International Series.
Publisher: 2000.; 184pp with 47 monochrome plates and 7 colour and
93 monochrome illustrations. Wrappers 30x21cms. Scholarly study of
the technical processes involved in the manufacture of glass and
faience on the site of Amarna, capital city of Egypt during the
18th Dynasty. With definitions of the chemical structure and
physical properties of the media and in-depth analyses of the
Glass Beads of Anglo-Saxon England C AD 400-700, A Preliminary
Visual Classification of the More Definitive and Diagnostic Types,
361pps. and 8 color plates, distribution maps, and a type page.
by Margaret Guido, Boydell Press for the Society of Antiquaries
of London, 1999, Printed by St. Edmundsbury Press, Ltd.,
Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk
Tremendous Number of Sites and Bibliography cited.
ISBN 085157181 ISSN 09537163
Boydell Press Boydell and Brewer Ltd.
P.O. Box 9, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3DF, UK and at
P.O. Box 41026, Rochester, N.Y., 14604-41026 USA
American School of Prehistoric Research
Duke U. Library 571 A512B, No 41-42,
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, Harvard U. Bulletin 41
The Discovery of Glass - Experiments in the Smelting of Rich, Dry Silver
the Reproduction of Bronze-Age Type Cobalt Blue Glass as a Slag; 1993
(1) Evidence of Early European Glassmaking nd Metallurgy
Glass and Faience
(2) Location of Metals in the Ancient World
(3) Experiments and Ancient Methods of Metallurgy
Types of Ore
Methods of Smelting
(4) Ulu Burun Kas Shipwreck and Old Trading Routes
(5) Lead Isotope analysis
Origins of Cobalt Glass
- Ancient Smelting Fluxes
Ancient Glass and India - by Sen and Chaudhuri
(Duke U. Library 666.10954 S474 1985 History of Sciences
in India, Indian Natural Sciences Academy, Bhadur Shah
Zafar Marg, New Delhi, East End Printers, 3 Dr. Suresh
Sarkar Rd., Calcutta 700 014.
The Ubiquitous Trade Bead - Readings in Glass History No. 22,
Sept. 1990, Anita Engle; Phoenix Publications, Jerusalem,
P.O.Box 1890. Duke U Library 666.109. R287 No 22
Ancient Indian Glass - Archaeology and Technology by R.N. Singh
Duke U. Library 666. 109564 S617 AS541 1989 Parimal Publications,
Delhi, India; UBSPD / UBS Publisher's Distributors Ltd.,
5 Ansari Rd., New Delhi, India 110002 Phone 273601-04
A few references:
McKerrel, Hugh: On the Origins of British Faience Beads and Some
Aspects of the Wessex-Mycenae Relationship; in Proceedings of the
Prehistoric Society, Vol. 38, 1972, pp. 286-99 with chemical
analyses of the different faiences from Egypt, Britain, and Mycenae,
and a full page bibliography. Charts but no pictures. Suggests
import to Britain about 1450 BC.
Newton, R.G., and Colin Renfrew: British Faience Beads Reconsidered;
in Antiquity XLIV, 1970, pp.199-206 including a partial page
bibliography. No illustrations. Takes up the pre-Childe attitude
that British and Scottish beads of the Bronze Age were locally
manufactured on the basis of spectrographic analysis.
"The History of Beads : From 30,000 B.C. to the Present"
by Lois Dubin.
Jargstorf, S: Glass Beads from Europe, with Price Guide; US 1996.
4to (21x28cm) sc 16Opp 475 colour photos Mint. Phoenician, Celtic,
Viking, Venetian, African, Bavarian, Bohemian, Dutch, French and
Failing that see books on Egyptian artefacts or just about any
of the Corning Museum books on glass. I believe the Metropolitan
and the Boston Museum of Art also contain collections. Most of what
the Romans learned of glasswork they learned from their colonies
and Egypt. _Glass: 5000 Years_ is a good start.
The Anglo-Saxons had wonderful beaked glasses, horns with wound
decorations, and hanging/ground lamps. Unfortunately a whole lot of
illustrations in the archaeological material, or even modern
books on historical beads simply lack color. Pointilism in black
and white may be great for depicting most items but it absolutely
sucks for beadwork. Looking at the difference between Viking glass
beads colored and the same items in Black and White illustrations
is nearly equally disappointing.
Evison, Vera: Anglo-Saxon Glass Claw-beakers; Archaeologia 107,
1982, pp. 43-76 plus plates IV-XIII, with numerous cross sections
and additional illustrations in text and large two page bibliography.
Evison, V: Anglo-Saxon Finds near Rainham, Essex, with a Study of
Glass Drinking-horns; Archaeologia 96, 1955. 38pp, 12figs,
11b/w pls, pp. 159-98 and plates LIX-LXX, last plate is the Torrs
Chamfrein which uses drinking horn ends as horns. A-S Square-headed
brooch, glass whorls, girdle hanger, coopered bronze-bound drinking
vessels, diagrams of pattern welded swords, shield bosses, pottery
cups (4), spearheads, round mouthed pitchers, pots, gold pendant,
36 views of mostly different drinking horns.
Evison Vera: 'Some Vendel, Viking and Saxon glass' in B Hardh,
L Larsson et al (eds) _Trade and Exchange in Prehistory_ -
_Acta Archaeologia Lundensia_ 16 (1988) 237_45.
The Frisians, and their neighbors, had a habit of mining the old
Roman period mosaics for glass bits to trade with other cultures
for beading. If you ever wanted to see the height of Roman /
Byzantine interior mosaics get books on Ravenna.
If you can locate one - out of print - the World of the Vikings
CD illustrates a Viking bead making process on it. Preheating
and annealing was done on a pan near the fire of the little furnace,
and coated wire was used to wrap the glass on, much like we do now.
Also see Forbes - Studies in Ancient Technology, most probably Vol 5,
for any ancient technology. Singer and Dumas cover generally later
periods but not the earlier ones as well as Forbes in their History(s)
of Technology book series.
Scull, Christopher : Further Evidence from East Anglia for Enamelling
on Early Anglo-Saxon Metalwork, pp. 117-25. Anglo-Saxon Studies on
Archaeology and History 4, Oxford Committee for Archaeology, 1985,
edited by Sonia Chadwick Hawkes, James Campbell and David Brown,
235 pages, photographs in individual articles. Oxbow Books.
http://www.thebeadsite.com/ has books on historical glass.
FIRE MOUNTAIN GEMS.COM OR 1-800-423-2319
Historical Glassworks by Arab Boy
1600 Yale Place
Brick, N.J. 098723 (732) 458 1157 2/02
Jayter at aol.com
Currently in Florida 2/02
(904) 476-8680 cell phone 2/02
This person has various drinking horns in pale green and green
glass. Some were wound in colored glass threads. He also had the
kinds of small bowls suitable for cups, lamps or small bowls you
don't usually see. The drinking horns were tough enough to take
a drop from several feet onto the ground and not break. He also
had various styles of beakers. But I didn't see any clawed beakers.
I don't think he's attempted those speaking with him. The prices
I'm not associated in any way, but this is rather a rarity.
If some of you folks were looking for such stuff this is an
opportunity. Anyway it was worth noting. I saw him again at
Pennsic this year in one of the Bazaars I believe.
> Does any know what a Viking jewellers forge (The Regina site has
> one) looks like inside? Sideways tyre or is the air coming from
From the back actually. Most medieval forges were side blown as far
as I know.
See the photo section on http://www.frojel.com/
There is a whole photo montage in there of Anders Soderburg from
Sweden, the Viking Age Metalcasting guy teaching how to make
Castings the Viking way. Starting with the construction of the
forge. Note that you do not put the mouth of the bellows all
the way into the tuyere, the tube going into the clay firepit.
This keeps you from sucking superheated air back into the bellows
and exploding the bellows. ;) Also you will see them forming
and drying the little metal casting flasks over the end of a
slightly tapered stick from the clay. The clay has up to 80%
sand added to it for the construction of the molds which are
then heated and burned out gradually at the edge of the firepit.
You can just see them pouring the metal into the mold and breaking
it open. Sandy Sempel's Frojel Gotlandica Viking group in
Australia imported Anders for a class. Then again some of them
have traveled to Gotland, Sweden to visit Dan Carlsson and fight
with the local Vikings.
There are thousands of close up pictures of genuine Viking
Artefacts from the museums there that Sandy has hosted on his
site with differing views, including backs.
Magnus Malleus, OL, GDH, Atlantia / © R.M. Howe, Raleigh, NC.
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