horses-lnks – 8/25/04
A set of web links to information on medieval and SCA horses by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.
This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.
This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org
I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.
The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the individual authors.
Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this time. If information is published from these messages, please give credit to the originator(s).
Mark S. Harris AKA: THLord Stefan li Rous
Stefan at florilegium.org
From: liontamr at ptd.net
Subject: Links: Medieval Equines
Date: April 8, 2004 11:51:18 AM CDT
To: StefanliRous at austin.rr.com,
Greetings everyone. This week's Links List is all about Horses in history
and in the Modern Middle Ages. Such a noble past-time brings a great deal
to the "flavor of the Middle Ages and Renaissance". I greatly enjoy watching
contests involving horses at SCA events.
Below are many links for Kingdom equestrian groups. These in turn have
terrific links lists, and I encourage you to use them. In addition, there is
some information about carriages/carts, barding, how to begin SCA
Horsemanship, Horse History, Sidesaddles, and more. Please feel free to pass
this Links List along to those who will find it
interesting and use these links to update your own webpages.
Getting Started in S.C.A. Horsemanship
by Ld. Manfred von dem Schwarzwald
(Site Excerpt) Riding the Quintain - This game involves the use of a device
once used to train mounted knights in proper techniques of the lance. You
will ride at the quintain with a lance "couched" or leveled, in an attempt
to strike the target. The quintain itself is a wooden shield (the target)
mounted on the end of a revolving T-bar. A score is given based on the
number of times the quintain spins around after being struck by the lance.
The International Historyof the Horse: 600 - 1630 THE MIDDLE AGES EMERGENCE
OF LIGHT CAVALRY
(Site Excerpt) The horse became largely a vehicle for battle or the hunt
since the Roman roads, which had previously united Europe, fell in
disrepair. Travel from one area to another was dangerous due to the hostile
relations between kingdoms. For the most part, chariots fell from use and
the wagon remained a farm vehicle. Despite a decline in the quality of
technological innovation in many spheres of life, the Middle Ages saw the
horse adapted to new roles in such diverse areas as warfare and agriculture.
Illuminated Image: Medieval Horses and Cart
The Medieval Horse
(Site Excerpt--note: scroll down 1/3 of page to get to the Medieval
Information) It is commonly believed that the great war-horses, also called
destriers, were developed during the Middle Ages to support the great weight
of the armored knight. Actually, a good suit of armor was not over 70 pounds
in weight; and therefore, the horse would only be expected to carry some 250
to 300 pounds. The real reason large horses were useful was because their
weight gave greater force to the impact of the knight's lance, both in
warfare and in the tournament. A destrier weighed twice as much as a
conventional riding horse; and when the knight struck a conventionally
mounted opponent, the impact could be devastating.
Brough's Books--Books on Horse-drawn Carriages and Carts
Kingdom of Acre Medieval Jousting Exhibitions,
Associations, and Training Links Page
The Medieval Horse Store
Medieval Horses and Links
A Medieval Sidesaddle
by Ilaria Veltri degli Ansari
(Site Excerpt) I found an 11th c. painting of Mary and Joseph fleeing into
Egypt. In this plate Mary rides aside and both her feet are in stirrups. I
am of the opinion that this is unsafe. I also found a written reference in
Hispanic Costume, that spoke of women using one or two stirrups on their
saddles. (Note: Photos, illustrations, and bibliography provided)
Works of art portraying the medieval war horse
(Site Excerpt) Caroligian, about 860-870 AD, Equestrian statuette of a
Caroligian Emperor (traditionally identified as Charlemagne). The portrait
type corresponds to manuscript and ivory images of Charles the Bold, not his
grandfather Charlemagne. Medieval artists were usually not particular about
which legs of the horse advanced together, but here the horse and rider's
proud bearing, and the high foreleg especially, are significant reflections
of imperial Roman forms. Walter Liedtke (1989), The Royal Horse and Rider:
Painting, Sculpture, and Horsemanship 1500-1800, Black and White Plate 13,
Medieval Horse Guild
Medieval Horse Breeds
(Site Excerpt) Medieval horses were defined by their confirmation and the
role they were intended to be used for. There were highly refined and
trained Destriers, smooth gaited Palfreys, long winded and strong Coursers,
and general purpose Rouncies. In addition, ponies, mules and donkeys also
played a vital role in society of the period. Since the scope of this
article is to inform briefly about medieval horses, I'll limit myself to
broad generalizations about a few types of horses. The reader wanting more
detailed information should choose and read some of the books listed in the
bibliography which is in another part of this web site. A number of those
books deal specifically with the breeding and use of medieval horses.
Horses and History or
The Dog May Be Man's Best Friend,
but It Was the Horse that Built Civilization!
by Melinda Maidens
(Site Excerpt) "History was written on the back of the horse," according to
an inscription at The Horse Park in Kentucky. Horse lovers do not need to be
reminded how much human beings owe to equus caballus, but to the general
population, civilization's debt is perhaps not immediately apparent. A
comparison of civilizations that had horses with civilizations that did not
soon makes it clear that human history, at least in Eurasia, would have been
profoundly different were it not for the horse.
Belgian Draft Horse
(Site Excerpt) History shows that Belgians are direct lineal descendants of
Horse" of medieval times. The Belgian, as the name implies, is native to the
country of Belgium. This little country is blessed with fertile soil and
abundant rainfall, providing the thrifty farmers of Belgium with the
excellent pastures and the hay and grain necessary to develop a heavy,
powerful breed of horse.
Kingdom of Aethelmearc Equestrian Webpage
(Site Excerpt) Garb: It should allow you to mount and dismount easily.
Avoid flapping garments such as cloaks or long veils which may get tangled,
and might frighten the horse you're riding, (After all, he might be new to
the SCA). Wear trousers under skirts and kilts. Ladies; assume that you'll
be riding astride, since sidesaddles are uncommon.
Stefan's Florilegium Horse Article
The Horse in the Medieval Age
by Malachy of Adamastor
East Kingdom Equestrian College
Equestrian Activities within the Kingdom of An Tir
by - THL Catelin Spenser, EM - An Tir
Rules of the Ealdormerian Equestrian
Middle Kingdom Equestrian College
Northshield Cavalry FAQ
14th C. ITALIAN RIDING CAPARISON
Master Johannes the Black of the Athanor
(Site Excerpt, site has illustrations) The SADDLE COVER may be seen in
Illus. 4 & 5. These are very much like the 'mochila' saddle covers which the
conquistadors used. If you construct one, it is important that it's
constructed of or lined with a coarse material, so that they will not slide
on the saddle. It will be necessary to either fit them, or make them out of
industrial felt, so that they may be put on wet and ridden, thus conforming
to the saddle's shape. The stirrups are pulled around them, as the
illustration show, though a horizontal slit could be made to allow them to
be pulled through.
Mediaeval saddles and stirrup irons
Photos taken at Warwick Castle--scroll down page to find a set of
SCA-Wide Equestrian Handbook
Complete sca-wide rules---Acrobat Reader required. Please note that there is
provision for minors and horses!!!! Hurrah!
Horse Armor Information Page (many dealers)