horses-bib - 8/27/02
A bibliography on medieval horses by Master Magnus Malleus.
This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.
This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org
I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.
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Mark S. Harris AKA: THLord Stefan li Rous
Stefan at florilegium.org
Subject: Re: [medieval-leather] Equine Equipment
Date: Sat, 03 Jun 2000 14:56:11 -0400
From: rmhowe <magnusm at ncsu.edu>
Organization: Windmaster's Hill, Atlantia, and the GDH
To: medieval-leather at egroups.com
The following books deal with Horse Material from the Ancient and
Medieval Periods and may be of use to the re-enactor community.
Wagner, Edouard: Yoroslova Drobna, and Jan Durdik
Medieval Costume, Armour and Weapons 1350-1450
Translated by Jean Layton, Czechoslovakia; Artia, 1958
London, P. Hamlyn (publisher) 1962 more than one edition.
72 p. 383 plates.
Translation of Kroje, zvroj a zbrane doby piredhusitske'
a husitak'e Bibliography: p/ 71-72
GT575.W293 1962 63-4774 1.Costume-Hist.-Medieval.
2. Arms and Armor 3. Harness OCLC 332087
These plates are hand drawn illustrations from paintings, sculpture,
and actual objects, and cover a wide area of Europe.
You will find all kinds of stuff in it. A great deal on Horses,
saddles, barding, harness, wagons (including fighting). Big Book.
You might also try The Medieval Warhorse - Origin, Development, and
Redevelopment by R.H.C. Davis, Thames and Hudson, London 1989
It only has fifty illustrations, but most are earlier in Period.
There are no modern illustrations. ISBN 0-500-25102-9
The Medieval Horse and Its Equipment, Medieval Finds from
Excavations in London 5, Museum of London, circa 1150-1450 AD.
Edited by John Clark, HMSO-London, 1995, ISBN 0-11-290485-8.
Skips around a great deal, depicting things before period and up to
the 19th century, no saddles specifically, some period illustrations
of horses being rode, sticks mostly to bits, spurs, stirrups,
pendants, fittings, curry combs, shoes. If you are looking to
reconstruct a saddle or for much barding see other sources, you
won't find it here.
Another MAJOR book which I would think that you would want is:
The Encyclopedie Medievale by Viollet le Duc reprinted by
Inter-Livres in France in 1993. I think it has been reprinted since
then. The French printer didn't like to put decent information on the
title pages so I'll give you the bar code number and the impression
information from the last page. The originals were printed in the
1800s. Boy, if only Dover did this one...
9 782878 300338
Achev'e d'imprimer en aout 1993 dans les ateliers de Normandie Roto
Impression s.a. a' Lonrai (61250) - No d'imprimeur : 13-15000.
D'epot l'egal : aout 1993.
This is huge and consists of two huge volumes bound into one, each was
about 720 pages, or about 1440 total, with about 4000 illustrations.
Well, who was Viollet le Duc? He was the guy who restored Notre Dame
and some other French national monuments in the mid 1800's for the
French Gov't. For example he redid Carcassone, which never had those
pointy towers on the city walls before he added them. Another thing
he put over on us was the gargoyles on Notre Dame which really are
his and his masons' interpretations of the originals. There are other
debatable transgressions too, but he saved the monuments, often
reworking them like St. Denis.
The majority of the two volumes in one are architectural renderings of
things medieval in France, but they also include armor, costume, tools,
furniture, weapons, feast gear, saddles, stirrups, barding, etc. It is
a massive work done by a number of artists.
The last time I saw it for sale it was from Scholar's Bookshelf, which
often sells French Medieval books (in french). It cost about $125 then.
http://www2.scholarsbookshelf.com/ for military books and videos
http://www.scholarsbookshelf.com/catalog.html to request a variety of
different kinds of catalogs including fine arts and literature.
or to email - books at scholarsbookshelf.com
I can recommend these folks highly.
Note: It was still available in France in 1998.
A History of British Native Ponies, by Anthony Dent and Daphne
Machin Goodall, (first published in 1962 under the title Foals of Epona)
From the Bronze Age to the Present Day. J. A. Allen, London 1988.
ISBN 0-85131-436-8. 32 plates, 58 line drawings, 305 pages. A
great deal of period art in the way of sculpture, statues, illuminations
and later depictions. Shows Viking stirrups, line drawings based on
Bayeaux tapestry. Obviously horses are included. No good depictions
Greece and Rome at War by Peter Connolly, Prentice-Hall Inc.,
Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ. Also Macdonald Phoebus, 1981, ISBN
0-13-364976-8 Lof Congress 810218. Currently available in 1998.
Includes depictions of chariots and the early Roman saddles dating to
the early empire, just after the death of Caesar, stating that they
are almost certainly of Celtic origin. A great deal of depicitions
of horse sculpture and remains of fittings and armor are included.
The Armour of Imperial Rome, by H. Russell Robinson, Charles
Scribner's Sons, New York, 1975, ISBN 0-684-13956-1.
LoCongress 74-11777. Contains Roman Cavalry armor, horse
armor, scale horse bards, and a pattern for the Valkenburg saddle
cited above. There are of course a number of illustrations of
sculpture also included. This is the bible on Roman Armour
of the Imperial Age. Most surviving examples are included.
The Roman Saddle is discussed in depth in:
Military Illustrated - Past and Present Magazine #13 June/July 1988
which is an issue on Roman Cavalry reenactment. Part of the
magazine is a particular article by Peter Connolly, pages 26-32,
and depicts the reconstruction and trials of the saddle in pretty
good depth. There is also a preceding article on the Cohortes
Equitate from Augustus to Hadrian by Paul Holder and illustrated
by Peter Connolly on pages 21-6.
(I know you can ILL articles from this magazine because I recently
received one. It is a British magazine for reenactors and it is
extremely accurate and detailed. The last issue I have is from
the early '90s and it was $75 stateside then. I imagine it is
Two books on Valkenburg where the Roman Saddles were found:
GLASBERGEN, W./W.GROENMAN-VAN WAATERINGE: The
Pre-Flavian Garrison of Valkenburg Z.H.; 1974. 50p. Ills. [KNAW].
GROENMAN-VAN WAATERINGE, W., Romeins Lederwerk Uit
Valkenburg Z.H. Gron., Wolters, 1967. Gr.8vo. 221 pp. Met 76
afb./fig. Bibliogr.. (also used).
Haworth, Richard: The Horse Harness of the Irish Early Iron Age,
Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 34, 1971, pp. 26-41,
separate offprint., 2 page bibliog..
Mielczarek, Mariusz: Cataphracti and Clibanarii - Studies on
the Heavy Armoured Cavalry of the Ancient World; Oficyna
Naukowa, Lodz, Poland, 1993, Studies on the History of Ancient
and Medieval Warfare, Vol I, ISBN 8385874003, pb.
Available through Oxbow.
Seaby, Wilfred A.: Viking Stirrups from England and Their
Background; Medieval Archaeology 24, 1980, pp. 87-122,
extensive biblio., and plate VIII.
The animal that made history, THE MEDIEVAL WARHORSE FROM
BYZANTIUM TO THE CRUSADES, by Ann Hyland.
A fascinating survey of the role and importance of the warhorse as it
emerged from the Roman and Byantine eras and took its place in the
military campaigns of medieval Europe. Addressing the whole spectrum
of the medieval warhorse in all its varieties, from those used by the
upper classes to the heavy warhorse or destrier, this book discusses
the warhorse's origins, nature, and uses; its breeding, feeding, and
training, and its value, both monetary and practical. Covers such
details as the SADDLES and HARNESSES used, the techniques of riding;
todays couterparts of the medieval warhorse and more. B&W photos &
illustrations (Combined) 204pp. PB Pub. $16.95
Catalog price only: $12.98 E170328 Catalog Key J34R 6000.
Barnes and Noble 1-800-843-2665 http://www.barnesandnoble.com
Osprey Books often hold a great deal of information including
some exploded views, not a lot but easily understood:
See plate G of Ospreys Warrior Series #1 Norman Knight 950-1204 AD
by Christopher Gravett. Shows 11th and 12th C saddles, bridles and
a sumpter (pack) horse with panniers. ISBN 1-85532-287-0
Gravett is Asst. Curator of Armour at Britains' Royal Armouries.
See plate H (double page) of Osprey Warrior Series #10 Saracen Faris
1050-1250 AD. Shows exploded views of two saddles and harness and
fittings. By David Nicole. ISBN 1-85532-453-9.
There are a few horse illustrations, including modern interpretational
drawings in Germanic Warrior, 236-568 AD by Simon MacDowell,
illustrated by Angus McBride, Osprey Warrior Series #17. One
of the modern pictures shows stirrups in use, none are depicted.
Various Germanic and Frankish bits and stirrups are pictured.
Knight of Outremer 1187-1344 AD, Osprey Warrior Series 18,
by David Nicolle, PhD, illustrated by Christa Hook, ISBN
1-85532-555-1 has two full pages of exploded views of Saddles,
Stirrups, Bits, Harness, Chainmail Barding and Barding for horses
as well as a number of other illustrations, mostly period. Outremer
was what was left of the Crusader Kingdoms in that period.
The nice thing about the Warrior series from Osprey Books is the
very detailed construction views of arms and armor, costume, etc.
Osprey Elite Series # 3, The Vikings, by Ian Heath, illustrated by
Angus McBride, depicts several Viking spurs and bits, and has
a really nice reconstruction of the Gokstad Bridle. Modern
depictions of Vikings ahorse are included. ISBN O 85045 565 0
For the Norman period there is The Normans, by David Nicholle,
illustrated by Angus McBride, Osprey Elite Series #9 which depicts
numerous sculptures, chess pieces, illuminations and modern
illustrations of Normans and foes on horse. ISBN0-85045-729-7.
In the Osprey Elite Series, #17 Knights at Tournament by Christopher
Gravett will be found a lot of pictures of barding, chest defences,
and four non-exploded saddle illustrations. ISBN 0-85045-836-6.
Osprey Elite Series 27, Soldiers of the English Civil War (2) Cavalry
by John Tincey, colour plates by Angus McBride depicts horses of
the period in period and modern illustrations but not tack
In ARMS AND ARMOR OF THE MEDIEVAL KNIGHT by David Edge
and John Miles Paddock, Crescent, ISBN 0-517-64468 continually
reprinted and cheap at the price, you will find many pictures of
saddles, barding, horse armor, including the saddle of Henry V
(1422) and a Maximillian saddle.
The Triumph of Maximillian I, 137 Woodcuts by Hans Burgkmair and
Others Dover, 1964, LofCongress 63-19488 depicts a great many of
the differing styles of horse furnishings and armor. The first
edition came out in 1526.
Ward Perkins, J B.: London Museum Medieval Catalogue 1940.
Anglia Publishing, 1993. Catalogue of the wide-ranging collection:
weapons, tools, horse furniture, pendants, keys, purses, weights,
lighting, household utensils, plate, pottery, tiles, pilgrim
souvenirs, buckles, chapes, figures, wood, bone, ivory, glass,
pipeclay, whetstones, seals. 322pp, illustrated boards, profusely
illustrated with photos and drawings.
New. Book # 16 £24.50 (approx. 38.89 American Dollars)
Anglia Publishing , Unit T, Dodnash Priory Farm Hazel Shrub,
Bentley, Ipswich, United Kingdom , IP9 2DF Phone 01473 311138 /
Fax 01473 312288, anglia at anglianet.co.uk ('99)
Master Magnus Malleus, OL, Windmasters' Hill, Atlantia and the GDHorde.
Copyright R. M. Howe 2000. May be reprinted in SCA or reenactor
publications or the Florilegium provided a copy is sent to
P.O.Box 5764, Raleigh, NC 27650 USA and the publication is NOT
for profit. Okayed for SCA email list use but not to the Rialto