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music2-lnks – 9/8/04


A set of web links to information on medieval European music by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: music-msg, music-bib, music-lnks, P-Polit-Songs-art, p-songs-msg, instruments-msg, harps-msg, song-sources-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I  have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I  have done  a limited amount  of  editing. Messages having to do  with separate topics  were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the  message IDs  were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make  no claims  as  to the accuracy  of  the information  given by the individual authors.


Please  respect the time  and  efforts of  those who have written  these messages. The  copyright status  of these messages  is  unclear at this time. If  information  is  published  from  these  messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: Aoife

Subject: Links: Online Medieval Music--LONG

Date: September 8, 2004 12:07:57 PM CDT

To: StefanliRous at austin.rr.com,


Greetings everyone!


By request, here's a Links List of online Medieval and Renaissance music,

some written, some lyrics, some filk, and some MP3's or .WAV's. This list

will cover music for voice, instrument, and dance. Obviously we can't be

comprehensive, but there is so much great stuff on the 'net that this list is

VERY long. Please dig in and enjoy, even if you are only a listener, as am I.

Unfortunately since this list is so long, I concentrated mostly on European music. If there is a request out there otherwise, I could try another culture at a later date.


Several folks have requested a reprise of a musical Links List, not the

least of which is my own revoltingly musically talented little brother and

his nefarious acquaintances, so here you go, Willum! Research to your heart's

content! There are, of course, many musicians and musical performers I'd

also like to thank in this manner.Gwendolyn the Graceful, Brion en kazi,

Erwilliam Bardo and company, the talented and ever-ready musicians of

BMDL (what's in the water there that so many hugely talented people live in

one place?), and others have all melodically enriched my life, and so Ithank

you. There are many more, too many to name. So on behalf of the rest of us,

who aren't musical, thank you all those who filk, those who try, those who

listen with educated ears, those whose standards of acceptable music have

made them SCA legends, those who spread the word that Medieval Music

is terrific (and you can dance to it), those whose ensembles

and corps of musicians enrich our world. What you do for the rest of us is

one of the great things that makes the SCA seem like the real thing.


As always, please forward this wherever it will come in handy, but please

strip it of my address before you do so. There's some nasty bugs out there,

and if I get them, the Links Lists cease operation! So be kind, be

considerate, and strip my *email* bare, before sending it on.






Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon

Now Known as: D2 the Terror Continues!

from the autumnal Canton of Riverouge,

in the mountainous Barony of the Endless Hills,

in the majestic Sylvan Kingdom of Aethelmearc.


Music resources:


Music Publisher's Association

Music Copyright Information



Stefan's Florilegium


Click on performance Art, then pick a  topic! Several song-books, guides to

story telling and musical instruments, bardic arts, etc are included here.


Legio Drakonis's Aoife Files--aw shucks! (the previous Musical Links

List is right here--Thanks Guys :)



Choral Public Domain Library


Free Choral Sheet Music Archive


Sheet Music Plus--Medieval Sheet Music


I don't normally list retailers, but this one has books of medieval sheet

music starting at $5.00. Sounds like a bargain to me! Music is available for

guitar, recorder, voice, piano, etc. and there are 106 selection in the

Medieval Music category.


Early Music FAQ


SEE also:

Chord structure in medieval music


(Site Excerpt) For many musicians, especially those more familiar with other

styles, a fundamental early question concerns the chords of medieval music.

While a description of chords can become rather technical, the interested

amateur will find it fascinating when supplemented by recorded examples, and

when considered in small pieces. The following discussion is written in an

open and inclusive manner, and should remain approachable for the careful


SEE also:

A Selection of Medieval Music


(Site Excerpt) Although the Medieval era stretches back centuries, and

indeed plainchant repertories go back much farther, the starting point for

this survey will be the early polyphonic music and contemporaneous

monophonic songs of the 12th century. This is the time at which the medieval

repertory can really be said to begin.

SEE also:

Midi and Sound Files


Approx. 40 sound files to choose from.


SCA Medieval and Renaissance Music Homepage

by Gregory Blount of Isenfir (Greg Lindahl)


(Site Excerpt) Western European music in the SCA period has long been

studied under the name `early music.' There are many groups which perform

such music and many sources should be available in a good library. In

addition, there is Usenet newsgroup, rec.music.early, which covers this

topic. You may also obtain this newsgroup via a mailing list.


SCA Minstrel Homepage

by Gregory Blount of Isenfir (Greg Lindahl)


(Site Excerpt) This is a homepage for the performing arts as practiced in

the Society for Creative Anachronism. The arts include songs, filk (new

words to an existing tune), story-telling, and juggling, but generally don't

include consort music. The SCA covers (theoretically) mostly Western Europe

from the fall of Rome until 1600.


A Singer's Guide to

Bibliographic Resources for

Medieval and Renaissance Music

Kirsti S. Thomas/Esther Mendes


(Site Excerpt) In keeping with the selective nature of this bibliography, I

have attempted to keep primarily to general sources, as opposed to sources

which deal solely with a specific time period or geographic location. At the

same time, I have I have also tried to avoid works which are very scholarly

in nature, or which assume an extensive background in music history or

theory. Given that English is the primary language of the intended audience

of this bibliography, there are some exceptions regarding works which deal

with English song and/or language.


A collection of music from the Middle Ages (In French)



The Early Music Web Ring


Contains 97 sites, mainly of musical groups. Other good stuff is there,



Early Music Facsimiles webring



Free Sheetmusic webring



Sixteenth Century Ballads: A work in progress...

by Gregory Blount of Isenfir (Greg Lindahl)


(Site Excerpt) Much attention is paid to post-1600 ballads, both traditional

and broadsides, but only a few sixteenth century ballads are known. Of the

ones which are known, most are not printed with the lyrics and tunes

together, so are not very accessible to the casual reader. The goal of this

project is to produce a collection of "interesting" ballads from before

1600, containing sheet music and lyrics, both in their original form, and in

a form intelligible to a modern listener.

SEE also:

Ballads from Non-English Cultures


SEE Also

Joseph Lilly's "A Collection of Seventy-Nine Black-letter Ballads and




Does it *sound* period?

From Newsgroups: rec.org.sca

From: andrew at ........(Andrew Draskoy) email masked

Subject: Re: Authenticity & Analogy

Date: Fri, 3 Jul 1992 19:39:57 GMT


(Site Excerpt) When I learn a new piece, I look at it's elements to see if

they are period, blatantly non-period, or somewhere in between. I also check

my overall impression of the piece, since quantitative analysis only works

so well on an abstract artistic object. If *any* element is obviously

non-period to my perception (being vaguely knowledgable about it) then I

won't sing it at an event, though I might consider it at a post-revel.

Period english songs are unfortunately rare, so I think it's valid to flesh

out a repertoire with pieces that still maintain a period feel.


Dance Music:


University of Waterloo SCA Web Server


Scroll down a good bit to find the Music links.

SEE also:

Lady Phaedria d'Aurillac's Music Arrangements


SEE also:

Eric Praetzel's music that's easy to learn on recorder:


SEE also:

The SCA Dance Music of Alaric MacConnal (Robert Smith)


SEE also:

The SCA Dance Music of Mistress Ellisif Flakkari


SEE also:

Arianna of Wynthrope's Music Arrangements


SEE also:

Kathy Van Stone's Music Arrangements (Note: aka Elsbeth Ann Roth)



The classical Midi Collection


Click on a title to hear the music


Misc. Historical Music Information:


Regia Anglorum: Music and Verse in Anglo Saxon and Viking Times


(Site Excerpt) In Saxon England there were professional storytellers, called

'scops', who would travel from village to village telling tales in return

for food, lodging and money. A good scop was a respected member of the

community and could be well rewarded for his skill. A scop could also use

music to emphasise parts of the story, or as 'background music'. Indeed,

another word for a poet or storyteller was 'hearpere' (harper), implying the

use of this instrument (or the lyre it developed from) for this person.


Cantaria: A Learning Library of Bardic Music


(Site Excerpt) Cantaria is a library of "bardic" folk songs, mostly from

Ireland, Scotland, and England, intended to be an educational tool for

propagating the living song tradition through passing on folk songs (old and

new) in a medium where far-flung singers can share songs as easily as if we

were all circled up around a fire. So, come join us; there is always room

for one more singer and always time for one more song. Cantaria is unique

among lyric web sites because almost every song in our archive has an

accompanying recording of the song being performed. The library currently

contains lyrics for over 225 songs, contributed by a variety of singers,

including Andy Irvine and Andy M Stewart.


Labrynth: Medieval Music

(Note that Labrynth no longer maintains it's pages. Navigate links with




Music in Medieval Jewish Spain


(Site Excerpt) Many Ladino folksongs have been preserved through the

Sephardic tradition after the expulsion. Most have been passed down orally

from mother to daughter, who may have continued to speak in Ladino while the

men, who worked outside the home, learned the local language of their

non-Jewish countrymen. It is thus hard to tell which ones can actually be

traced to Spain. However, the same songs can be found in the Sephardic

communities of Morocco, Greece, Turkey, Bosnia, Bulgaria and Israel, which

implies that the songs are from before 1492. Many of these songs were sung



The Music of Henry VIII



Early Child Ballads

Dani of the Seven Wells

mka Dani Zweig


(Site Excerpt) A ballad is a story, distilled to its essence and set to

song. The song itself tends to be unpretentious - usually a simple verse

form set to a modal melody - but an unpretentious song can still be lovely,

as many ballads are. It is probable that simplicity has had much to do with

the ballad's continued survival and popularity: Ballads have been passed

down through the centuries, changing to suit the tastes of the singers,

borrowing from the music of the day, borrowing from each other. Every few

decades the ballad seems to undergo a revival, with old books and

manuscripts being searched for old ballads and new inspiration. The result

is a living musical tradition whose roots can be traced back over half a



Legends, Ballads, and Broadsides


This site is a series of links and bibliographies on the subject.


The Contemplator's Short History of

Broadside Ballads


(Site Excerpt)

Folk music is viewed primarily as a rural tradition where songs are passed

down by word of mouth. In fact, printed folk music was extremely popular for

more than four hundred years, beginning in the sixteenth century. Words to

popular songs were printed on sheets of varying lengths. They came to be

known as broadsides. Broadsides originally had no music but a note that the

words were sung to a well known tune. Broadsides were popular in Britain,

Holland, France, Italy, Spain and Germany and later in America.

Interestingly, many early scholars distinguished between traditional ballads

and broadsides, considering broadsides "bad representations of the

original." (1)


Filks and Songbooks:


On Filks And Music In The SCA

Sarra Graeham


(Site Excerpt) Previously, I argued that the major problem with encouraging

modern tunes (say 17th C. "traditional" and onwards) for SCA songs on the

grounds that our ears hear those tunes as familiar, and therefore the effect

on the listener is authentic, is that medieval and Renaissance music takes

some listening-to to get used to, and if we are continually offering up OOP

music, the less educated ears among us will never get the opportunity to

become more educated. The effect of this is to have what we have now, a

Society where most SCA members hear "traditional" music as "period", because

it's old, or at least older than the Billy-Joel-tune filks that are not

uncommon enough. (My suggested fix, BTW, is *not* to make an attempt to ban

all music written after 1600, but rather to sing some of the more tuneful

pieces written before then in the most casual of circumstances, like during

feast or at bardic circles, so that people become educated in spite of



The Known World Virtual Songbook


(Site Excerpt) Welcome to the Lochac Virtual Songbook! This undertaking was

commissioned by His Occidental Majesty Fabian King of the West in AS XXXV,

and was prepared by Master Dafydd of the Glens with the technological

assistance of Mistress Yseult de Lacy, OL, and too many other singers and

musicians to relate, but thanks are due especially to Hey Nonny-Nonnymous in

the Barony of St Florians. You guys rock! To listen to and download music

from this site, you will need Noteworthy, which is the generally accepted

music program in the Kingdom of Lochac. It runs perfectly on Windows, is no

trouble to anybody and (best of all) takes up very little bandwidth. It is

now available from the web at http://www.ntworthy.com/">www.ntworthy.com


The Music of Darklands




Medieval Melodies for Filking

A collection assembled by Vladislav the Purple

lst edition, July A.S. XXXI


(Site Excerpt) One of the defenses for performing modern folksongs in an SCA

context runs as follows: since almost no Scadians understand Provencal, Old

French, or Latin, it is pointless to prepare songs in those languages for

performance; modern folksongs in English, on the other hand, are accessible

to the audience. However, the practice of filking, of taking an existing

melody and providing new, usually topical and/or satirical, lyrics, is in

fact the direct counterpart of the Medieval practice of writing contrafacta.

Following a suggestion by Duke Sir Cariadoc of the Bow and Mistress

Elizabeth Dendermonde, this collection provides a selection of authentic

Medieval and Renaissance tunes for which one can write new lyrics,

SCA-specific or not as one prefers. (note: files appear in .giff, .tiff,

compressed .tiff, midi and .gzipped postscript)


SCA Songs


(Site Excerpt) Darn near all the SCA filks on the Web (plus some period

songs and related stuff). Last updated December 9, 2001. (Note that some of

these sites are no longer up).


Kestrel's House of Poetry and Song


(Site Excerpt) Kestrel's house is a game I play where in medieval times you

would have a central place to go to if you wanted a song or poem.  I collect

the songs and poems from all over.

I will look at and read anyone's poem or song.  Often times I will add it to

my personal collection.  Items that I find

on the web will have links placed here.  Items that I am sent via email may

find their way to this page as a zip file. This page is a central location

for links that I find and poems and songs that I have permission to post on

the web.

In some cases I will link directly to a file on another site.  Usually I

just link to the page.


Katriana's Song Book



The Bards of Northsheild (and their works)



Ioseph of Loxsley Songbook Website (by Joe Bethancourt)

(Warning: graphics and silliness intense--not for those in a hurry or in a

bad mood)


about 2/3 OOP content, but some good SCA-related material as well. Scroll,


and confuse your way through this site, where you will find, among other


The Mongol Birthday Song linked above, which includes these verses unknown

to me:

*Raise your cup of bitter cheer,

Make the barman eat his ear

*Fear and gloom and darkness but

no one found out YOU KNOW WHAT

*You're a period cook, its true

ask the beetles in the stew

*Now your jail-bait days are done

let's go out and have some fun!

*You must marry very soon

baby's due the next full moon


Database: Songs Sung in Ealdormere


Includes three songbooks as well as lyrics pages


The Unofficial College of St. Golias Songbook


(Site Excerpt) Several of our singers came up with a bright idea of putting

the songbook online, whereas I had gotten the idea of putting Lady Lill of

the Vanishing Woods' (aka Mom aka Lill Kracke) songbook on the computer. I

got the task of typing/scanning, formating, organizing, and maintaining the

songbook. There are currently over 300 songs in our songbook. Then I got the

bright idea of putting it online in time for the fall event season, silly

silly me. So here it is for better or worse.


College of Sainte Katherine Songbook (West Kingdom)


(Site Excerpt) This is the offical site for the Kates Songbook. This song

book is free to download, and print. You may also distibute copies to

individuals provided that you do so free of any charge.


Mot's Songbook

http://www.geocities.com/mot at swbell.net/msb.html">http://www.geocities.com/mot at swbell.net/msb.html


The Charric Van der Vliet Songbooks

(C) 2001 by C. A. Powers - All Rights Reserved


(Please note that this site is filk at it's most massive: huge and

comprehensive---and it makes my screen freeze).


SCA-Lochac Bardic Links



Ana'a Crafts: Making Music


A massive list of links to Music sites.





SCA Songbook



<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org