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music-lnks – 4/22/04


A set of web links to information on medieval music and instruments by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: guitar-art, flutes-msg, music-bib, music-msg, P-Polit-Songs-art, song-sources-msg, p-songs-msg, instruments-msg, harps-msg, trumpet-build-art, singing-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I  have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I  have done  a limited amount  of  editing. Messages having to do  with separate topics  were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the  message IDs  were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make  no claims  as  to the accuracy  of  the information  given by the individual authors.


Please  respect the time  and  efforts of  those who have written  these messages. The  copyright status  of these messages  is  unclear at this time. If  information  is  published  from  these  messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: Lis <liontamr at ptd.net>

Date: Tue Feb 10, 2004 7:02:14 PM US/Central

To: Stefan li Rous <StefanliRous at austin.rr.com>

Subject: Links: Music


Greetings everyone. Reginald Bertram asked me for Music Links. Here You Go!

Herein you will find links for sheet music, instruments, midi files, and

even a fun quiz (can you tell a schawn from a cittern?). There were so many

hits to this particular search that I finally had to set limits, or, like

the kid set free in the candy shop, I would have gorged on music files

entirely too much. I finally gave up when the teenager started whining "Mom,

I need to use the phone line nooooooow!" I could have gone on for

considerably more than the couple hours I spent on this search :). Below you

will find 26 sites to explore, but be assured there are many more out there,

waiting to be discovered.


I remember doing this Links topic a couple of years ago, and a great deal has changed in those years. The amount of information available on the web has exploded recently, and that's wonderful. Huzzah to the Early Music Community for putting the music they love out there for public perusal.


As always, please share this links list where it will find a ready audience.

And I still am taking topics suggestions---please reply directly to me and

not to the list upon which you read THIS list, as I do not read every forum

this weekly column appears within.






Dame Aoife Finn, OL (Lisbeth Herr-Gelatt)

Riverouge, Aethelmearc


Medieval Music & Arts Foundation © 1991-2002 Medieval Music & Arts



(Site Excerpt) The term "early music" sometimes causes confusion. As a very

casual indication, music from the 1400s is early music in the sense which we

use here, whereas music from the 1940s is not. The context is European

classical music, which had its best-known pieces written in the 1700s &

1800s, and so the "early" in early music means earlier than that. In this

way, early music usually designates the Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque

periods of Western music. Early Music is a standard term, used in trade

magazines, journals, record store classical sections, etc.

(See also) Scores, Sounds & Sources http://www.medieval.org/emfaq/scores/

(and) Links to information on buying or making instruments

http://www.medieval.org/emfaq/instr/builders.html (and) Chord structure in

medieval music http://www.medieval.org/emfaq/harmony/chords.html.


Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music © DIAMM 2003


(Site Excerpt)

The DIAMM website provides information about the Digital Image Archive of

Medieval music. The main aim of the project is to obtain and archive

high-resolution digital images of al the existing fragments of medieval

medieval music, and most of our time and energy is devoted to that end. The

website exists to give information about the project, and where possible to

provide access to low-resolution versions of images that the copyright

holders are prepared to make available in this way. The inclusion of images

on the website is ongoing, and entirely dependent on the wishes of the

owners of the documents.....

Images of sources from the Bodleian library do not require the use of a

DIAMM password and can be accessed by all visitors to the site, but are

nevertheless still copyright, and may not be copied or reproduced in any

form without the permission of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. Access to the

remaining images requires a password and username that can be obtained with

the clearance of the project directors: if you have a genuine reason for

wishing to view these medieval musical sources, you should first complete

the Restricted Website Access Agreement, which all users are required to

sign, and return this by post to:The Project Manager, DIAMM, 41 Freelands

Road, Oxford OX4 4BS UK


ORB Mediecal Music Gallery copyright 1999 by Cynthia J. Cyrus


(Site Excerpt of a dictionary of medieval music terms)


the range of pitches used in a piece or a melodic line; narrow ambitus is

typically a sixth or less, normal ambitus an octave or so, and wide ambitus

would be an eleventh or more.


a musically interesting section of chant which is sung by a choir; the text

and music were intended to serve as a frame to a psalm verse (or a series of

psalm verses), introducing and following it. The term is used sometimes to

mean sacred song (e.g. Marian antiphons).

antiphonal (1)

an antiphonal chant origianlly used a musically interesting section sung by

the choir (the antiphon) to frame a musically boring section (usually the

recitational psalm tone). The antiphonal chants of the mass are the introit,

offertory and communion.


Georgetown University's OLD Medieval Music Databases



Labrynth Medieval Music Search Results Page:



Early Music Resources on the Web copyright Sharon Spanogle 1997


A list of websites to find information and recordings of Medieval Music.


Providence College Medieval Music Links Page



Medieval Period (1200 - 1450) In Classical Music


(Site Excerpt) A large proportion of the music developed in Europe during

the medieval period was vocal, both of a religious and secular nature. In

church music, this took the form of Gregorian and other types of chants,

while non-religious music consisted largely of the songs of traveling

minstrels and troubadours. Vocal music was, until the 9th century, written

for one voice part only. Then a second, lower part was introduced, which

duplicated the top melody exactly by an interval of a fifth or fourth. A

third voice was sometimes added, sounding an octave below.


A Selection of Medieval Music (copyright Todd M. McComb???)


Although the Medieval era stretches back centuries, and indeed plainchant

repertories go back much farther, the starting point for this survey will be

the early polyphonic music and contemporaneous monophonic songs of the 12th

century. This is the time at which the medieval repertory can really be said

to begin.The earliest stages of polyphony in France, first in a basic

notation lacking precise pitch designation, actually flowered in the 11th

century with some interesting examples. This has recently been

reconstructed, and is presented in a compelling recording: Les premieres

polyphonies fran¨aises Organa et tropes du XIe si¸cleEnsemble Gilles

Binchois - Dominique Vellard Virgin Veritas 45135


SCA Medieval and Renaissance Music Homepage


(Site Excerpt) Western European music in the SCA period has long been

studied under the name `early music.' There are many groups which perform

such music and many sources should be available in a good library. In

addition, there is Usenet newsgroup, rec.music.early, which covers this

topic. You may also obtain this newsgroup via a mailing list. Songs /

Minstrels / "Bardic Arts"In the SCA, you'll often find solo music

performances lumped in with poetry, juggling, and other performances arts

under the term "Bardic Arts". These areas are covered on their own page, the

Minstrel Homepage. Almost all of the music material there is repeated here.


Try Your Luck As A Medieval Musician (c) 1997 The Annenberg/CPB Project.


(Site Excerpt) Listen to the sound of a medieval instrument and then try to

determine which instrument, from those pictured, made that sound.

(Instruments listed: Recorder, Cittern, Shawm)


Classical Net Links Page


(Site Excerpt) The number and variety of web sites devoted to topics of

potential interest to classical music lovers has grown at a rapid pace. In

order to provide a logical structure wherein sites can be found easily, this

section has been organized into a set of link pages arranged by topic. In

some cases, the topics overlap, so it may be necessary to visit a couple of

different pages to find the link you are looking for. Within a subject,

links are listed alphabetically. As always, you can use the Searchable Index

to help locate information based on keyword(s).


Choral Public Domain Library


(Site Excerpt) The Choral Public Domain Library (CPDL) is the largest

website devoted exclusively to free choral sheet music. Begun in December

1998, the site has over 250 contributors and 6,000 scores. The easiest way

to find scores is to use the 'Quick Search' in the left hand corner. If you

have any suggestions or bug reports, please contact the manager.


The Internet Renaissance Band Early music midi files by Curtis Clark


(Site Excerpt) All the Midi files available here are Copyright © 1995-2000

by Curtis Clark. They are licensed for personal use at no cost. For other

uses, please see the licensing agreement . (Rable of Contents includes)

a.. Music of the Renaissance

a.. Medi¾val music

a.. European carols: Medi¾val, Renaissance, and traditional

a.. Original compositions


A Selection of Medieval Music


(Site Excerpt) Although the Medieval era stretches back centuries, and

indeed plainchant repertories go back much farther, the starting point for

this survey will be the early polyphonic music and contemporaneous

monophonic songs of the 12th century. This is the time at which the medieval

repertory can really be said to begin.


La Trobe University Library Medieval Music Database


(Site Excerpt) This database is a systematic collection of scores, colour

images, texts and bibliographic information of medieval music which can be

searched by text or melody and which will return musical information in the

form of a modern score, text data and, where available, a colour facsimile

of an original manuscript. In contains a complete annual cycle of liturgical

chant taken from original medieval sources and complete works of selected

composers from the twelfth to the fifteenth centuries.


Ars Antigua © Minist¸re des Affaires ˇtrang¸res / Culture, France


Site is entirely in French, but you should be able to access the audio and

music files.


Arto Wikla's Early Music Pages


A List of pages with lists of Early Music Links (not all Medieval)


Georgetown University Medieval Music Resource Guide © 1994-1997, Martin

Irvine and Deborah Everhart


(SiteContains:) Medieval Music Databases , Other Resources, Medieval Music

Societies, Ensembles, and Concerts,  Vendors


"Instruments pour jouer

les musiques du Moyen Age"


(Site Excerpt)This site presents many instruments I use to play medieval

musics. This site is in French, but don't be afraid of that!

The iconography is very important!

You'll find in this site many informations about instruments in medieval

musics, but also about their representations in Iconography, their musics

, ....

and also many midi files and many links .


The Written Notation of Medieval Music copyright Nigel Home (acrobat reader



(Site Excerpt) When visiting a vcollectionof old music such as those held at

the British Museum in London, I am often struck by the beauty and

painstaking effort that went into producing these maniscripts....


Who Wants to Be an Early Music Genius? Copyright  © 2004 About, Inc.


(Site Excerpt) Do you muse on Machaut? Prance about Palestrina? Well then,

this quiz is perfect for you! Try out your medieval mettle and more with

this "Millionaire" style quiz focusing on music before 1650. Sorry: no real

money here, but you are welcome to break out the old Monopoly box!


The Guitar pre-1650 © copyright 1989, 1990, 1994, 1995,1996, 1997 W. J.

Bethancourt III


(Site Excerpt) It is probably well-known, at least among most musicians,

that the steel-string guitar (the acoustic type) as played in the USA today,

is out-of-period with the current interest in historical re-enactments and

the proliferation of Renaissance Faires all over the country. It also tends

to be assumed that no moderately priced replicas of "period" (pre-1650 CE)

instruments, that can be played by the modern guitarist, exist on the

market....and that is WRONG!


<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org