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Stefan's Florilegium


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timeline-art - 4/17/95

Timeline of technology advances by Ioseph of Locksley.

NOTE: See also the files: medieval-tech-msg, blackpowder-msg, p-agriculture-msg,
occupations-msg, crossbows-msg, siege-engines-msg.


This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that
I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some
messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.

This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium.
These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org

I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with
seperate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes
extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were
removed to save space and remove clutter.

The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I
make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the
individual authors.

Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these
messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this
time. If information is published from these messages, please give
credit to the orignator(s).

Thank you,
Mark S. Harris AKA: HL Stefan li Rous
mark.s.harris@motorola.com stefan@florilegium.org

From: ioseph@primenet.com (Joe Bethancourt)
Newsgroups: rec.org.sca
Subject: Re: SCA Fallacies
Date: 11 Apr 1995 16:11:00 GMT

Brendt Hess (brendt.hess@nwcs.org) wrote:
: If anyone would like to add to this list, I will gladly keep it, an
: publish it here after a time. In addition, if any would care to write
: a few paragraphs on the fallacy, we could collect those as well and use
: them to put together a T.I. Article / a Creative Anachronist / a booklet
: for newcomers (and schools!) that would help stop the spread of the
: fallacies.

: M. Vergilius, masochist-at-large :-)

Here's your start:



Pre-Dark Ages: Development of chain-mail
Bards in Ireland
Carrier pigeons
Compass (China)
Platonistic thought

400 CE: Use of the stirrup in China
Silk cultivation brought to Constantinople
The city of Ys is submerged
Kama Sutra

450 CE: Establishment of the seven "liberal arts" as a course of study
Decline of "classic" Paganisim


500 CE: Boethius: "De Institutione Musica"
Paddle-wheel boats
Taliesin, Aneirin, Llywarch Hen
Alexander of Trales "de re medica"
Decimal notation in India
Gregorian Chant
First sighting of Loch Ness Monster

600 CE: Earliest cast iron, in China
Printing of books, in China
First Church bell, in Rome
Development of the Crwth in Wales
Caliph Uthman sets the form of al Quran (Koran)
Petroleum used in Japan
Isadore of Seville "originum sive etymologiarium libri XX"
Porcelain in China
Cotton clothing introduced in Islam

650 CE: Muslim conquest of North Africa
Sutton Hoo burial
Glass windows in English churches
Greek Fire

700 CE: Papermaking introduced into Near East from China
Stirrup introduced into Western Europe from Asia
"Mouldboard" plow introduced into Western Europe by Slavs
"Three-field" soil rotation introduced in Western Europe
Irish and Anglo-Saxon missionaries on continent
First Arab coinage
Water mills
Feudalisim begins
Abu Masa Dshaffar
First printed newspaper (China)

750 CE: Muslim science enters Europe
Beds in France and Germany
Offa's Dyke
Khazar nobility converts to Judaisim
Old English
Peter's Pence first paid in England

800 CE: Earliest documented Church Organ, Aachen, Germany
Adoption of horse collar in Western Europe (from China?)
Commas, periods, colons and semi-colons appear in texts
"Anno Domine" (A.D.) dating system begins to be used
Muslim culture enters Europe
Music cultivated in the monasteries
"The Utrecht Psalter"
Roses in Europe
The "Almagest"

850 CE: Crossbow in use
"Elder Edda"
Candle clocks
Famine in Western Europe
Honain ibn Iszhak
"Musica enchiriadis;" first work on polyphony

900 CE: Earliest documented use of windmills, in Near East
Earliest application of water power to industry
Table forks used in Byzantium
Vikings discover Iceland
Arabic musical instruments introduced into Europe;
development of the Lute, kettledrum and trumpet
Tropes and sequences
Rise of Castles

950 CE: London Bridge
Introduction of "Arabic" numerals to Europe


1000 CE: Avicenna (980-1037) chief medical authority
Iron produced north of the Alps
Guido of Arezzo develops "do-re-mi-fa-etc."
Mantled chimney
Gunpowder (China)

1050 CE: Lateen Sail first used in Italy
Soccer/Football in England
Introduction of domestic cat to Europe
"The Chanson de Roland"
Final separation of Eastern and Western Christianity
Winchester Tropes
The Bayeaux Tapestry
Apple pie in England
Domesday Boke
Polyphony replaces Gregorian chant
Wilhelm v. Hirsau
Solomon ben Yehudah ibn Gabirol
Greek medicine to Western Europe
Toledan table of positions of stars
Founding of the "Hashishin," or Ismaili Assassins

1100 CE: Earliest manufacture of paper in Europe, by Muslims in Spain
Use of the crossbow forbidden against Christians by the Church
Mined coal supplements use of charcoal as fuel
Umar Kahyyam
Oldest European paper document
Investiture of Geoffrey Plantagenet with Arms; first known use
of true Heraldry
St. Marital organum
Gondolas in Venice
Ibn Ezra
Middle English
"Roman d'Alexandre"
"Roman de Thebes"
"Roman d'Eneas"
"Roman de Troie"
Islamic science declines
Miracle plays
Playing cards (China)
First Scots coins

1150 CE: Earliest use of magnetic compass in Europe
"Roman de Brut"
"Roman de Rou"
Earliest documented windmill in Europe
Paper (Moorish Spain)
Chess in England
Joint Stock companies
Treadle loom
Troubadors in Provence
Liturgical drama
"Roman de Reynard"
Snorri Sturluson
Horse-racing in England
Glass windows in English houses
First silver Florins minted
Tea arrives in Japan from China
"Azure, a saltire argent" adopted as Scots National flag
Aristotlean thought

1200 CE: Albertus Magnus
Trouveres in France
Minnesingers in Germany
The Alhambra
Thomas of Celano "Dies Irae"
Engagement rings come into fashion
Indigo imported into England
"faux bourdon"
Court jesters
Sinbad the Sailor
Arabic (Indian) numerals introduced in Europe
Wire strings for musical instruments
Sonnet develops in Italy
Roger Bacon
Tiled roofs in London
First giraffes shown in Europe
"Roman de la Rose"
"De sphaero" John of Hollywood (Sacrobosco)
The Mongols
Cotton manufactured in Moorish Spain
Leprosy enters Europe
"Summer Is Icumen In"

1250 CE: Double-entry book-keeping
Marco Polo travels to China and India
Spectacles invented
Mechanical clock
First documented use of spinning wheel in Europe
First appearance of Kings-of-Arms
ars antiqua
English musicians in Paris
St Thomas Aquinas "Summa Theologica"
Roger Bacon "Opus Maius"
Adam de la Hale "Robin et Marion"
Longbow introduced to English armies
Jalal ad-Din Rumi
Portative organs
Goose quill used for writing
Gold Florins minted
Linen manufactured in England
"The Harrowing of Hell"
Block printing of books in Ravenna, Netherlands, and Germany


1300 CE: First large scale production of paper in Europe, in Italy and Germany
First large scale production of gunpowder in Europe
First use of the word "Peer" in England
Mass of Tournai
First use of cannon
Earliest cast-iron in Europe
Table forks in use in Europe
Title of "Duke" introduced in England
"Ars Nova"
Decline of true feudalisim
Avignon Exile of the Papacy
"Aucassin et Nicolette"
Dante "The Divine Comedy"
"Roman de Fauvel"
First French "Operette"
The Zohar
First toll roads in England
Glass mirrors
First Sequins coined
Lyons silk industry developed
Noh drama in Japan develops
Pedal organ
Sternpost rudders on ships
Tyl Eulenspiegel

1350 CE: Black Death in Europe
Rise of mercenaries
Guillaume de Machaut "Mass of Notre Dame"
Economic and agricultural depression in Europe
Bocaccio "The Decameron"
William Langland "The Vision of Piers Plowman"
Wycliffe translates the Bible into English
Wycliffe "de civili dominio"
Chaucer "The Canterbury Tales"
The Pope gives the Church jurisdiction over accusations of sorcery
Danse Macabre
Ankor Wat (Kampuchea) deserted
High point of manuscript illumination
Open-air tennis popular in England
Clavichord and Cembalo
Riding sidesaddle for women enters England
First Francs coined
Steel-prodded crossbows
Playing cards in Germany

1400 CE: Gutenberg invents use of movable type for printing
Sewing machines (?)
Earliest account of the sea-quadrant
Hand-held guns become a factor in warfare
Rise of the Duchy of Burgundy
Social dance of mixed pairs
"Tres Riches Heures" of the Duc de Berry
Thomas a Kempis "The Imitation of Christ"
"White notation" introduced in England
Beginnings of chemical technology
Alchemy becomes a swindler's paradise
Giovanni da Prato "Paradiso degli Alberti"
Ghiberti "Gates of Paradise"
Jan and Hubert Van Eyck "The Ghent Altarpiece"
Donatello "David"
Meistersingers in Germany
Vatican Library
Publication of the "Reformation of Kaiser Sigsimund"
Drift nets in use in Holland
The Double-Eagle becomes the emblem of the Holy Roman Empire
Slave trade from Africa
Coffee exported from Mocha, Arabia

1450 CE: Development of serpentine-lock for firearms
"Donation of Constantine" proved a forgery
The "capitiulum," or paragraph mark, appears in texts
Fouquet "Book of Hours of Etienne Chevalier"
Bamburgh Castle: first English fortress taken by cannon
Lochamer "Liederbuch"
William Caxton sets up print shop in England
Cornazzano "Libro dell'arte del danzare"
Mazarin Bible printed by Gutenberg
First Doctor of Music degree awarded at Oxford
Botticelli "La Primavera"
James Obrecht
Regiomontanus "De triangulis"
Sir Thomas Mallory "Morte d'Arthur"
Unification of Spain (1492)
Hieronymus Bosch "Temptation of St. Anthony"
Leonardo da Vinci "Last Supper"
Franchino Gafori "Practica Musicae"
Ottaviano dei Petrucci prints first complete song collections
from movable type
French Royal mail service
Origin of the handgun
Football, golf and bowling in England and Scotland
Beginning of Ballet
The expressions "million," "billion," and "zero" come into use
The symbols "plus" (+) and "minus" (-) come into use
First pawnshops
Secular censorship of books
First manual of navigation
Savonarola's followers destroy most Greek & Roman painting
Five-course "guitar"

1500 CE: Development of wheelock firearms
Handguns become practical
Persia (Iran) becomes Shi'ite
La Volta
Acid-etch printing
Table forks used in Venice
Syphylis epidemic in Europe
Development of the Scots Claymore
Columbus introduces the hammock to Europe
Development of the Rapier
First book of Frottole
Montalvo "Las Sergas de Esplandian"
Modern English develops from Middle English
Leonardo da Vinci "Mona Lisa"
Michaelangelo "David"
Albrecht Durer "Adam and Eve"
Petrucci issues first printed lute tablature
First manual of Lute-playing
Michaelangelo begins "Sistine Chapel"
Erasmus "In Praise of Folly"
Grunewald "Isenheim Altarpiece"
Machiavelli "The Prince"
Raphael "Sistine Madonna"
Thomas More "Utopia"
Ariosto "Orlando Furioso"
First black-lead pencils
Silver Guilders minted
Pocket handkerchiefs
Titan "Deposition"
Castiglione "The Courtier"
Copernicus "De Revolitionibus Orbium Coelesticum"
Rabelais "Gargantua"
First Italian Madrigals
Hans Holbein the Younger "The Ambassadors"
Titian "Venus of Urbino"
Jacob Arcadelt first book of five-part madrigals
Michaelangelo "Last Judgement"
First church in the New World
Cellini "Perseus"
Edward VI's "Book of Common Prayer"
Pineapple in Europe
Coffee in Europe
East Asian porcelain in Europe
General use of Spinning-wheel
Halley's Comet (1531)
Silk-manufacture introduced in France
Silk stockings
Turkey eaten in England
First manual of surgery
First diving-bells
Firearms brought to Japan
Cardano "Ars magnae"
Decimal fractions
Algebraic letter-symbols
First Christmas tree, at Strasbourg
First European botanical garden
First pocket watches

1550 CE: Development of the miquelet-lock for firearms
"Ralph Roister-Doister"
Game of Curling, in Scotland
Beginnings of the use of the "belted plaid" in Scotland
Aldus Manutius, Venetian publisher, codifies puctuation marks
The compound microscope
Chittarra Battente
Peter Breughel the Elder "The Wedding Dance"
William Byrd
Thomas Tallis
Tintoretto "Ascension of Christ"
Montaigne "Essays"
Marlowe "Doctor Faustus"
Byrd "Songs of Sundrie Natures"
Edmund Spencer "The Faerie Queen"
Tintoretto "The Last Supper"
Wm. Shakespeare "Romeo and Juliet"
John Dowland "First Book of Songs or Ayres"
Development of the present day violin
Tobacco in Europe
Snuff-taking spreads
Modern chess
Tulips in Europe
Index Librorum Prohibitorum
Milled coins in England
Sweet potatoes and tobacco in England
Sedan-chairs in general use in England
Italian cooking predominates in Europe
Giovanni Gabrieli "Sacrae Symphonie"
"Sonata Pian'e Forte"
First knitting machine
Pompeii discovered
Potatoes grown in Spain and Italy
Tomatoes in England
First "W.C.'s" in England
Approximate end of Feudalisim, rise of sovereign states
Siege of Sancerre (last military use of sling)
"Divine Right" of Kings
First field hospitals
Chocolate popular in Spain
Potatoes reach England
Arbeau "Orchesographie"
Persecution of Japanese Christians

1600 CE: Sir Walter Raleigh plants potatoes on his estates in Ireland
Development of the true flint-lock in firearms
"Baroque" guitar
Fruits preserved in cane sugar
Decimal point
Development of the Scots basket-hilted broadsword ("Claybeg")
Table forks fashionable in England
First Dictionary of English
Pascal develops the mechanical computer
Acting legitimized as a respectable profession in France
Use of the Stage-coach
"Before Christ" (B.C.) dating system begins to be used
William Tell appears in folk ballads
Wm. Shakespeare "Hamlet" (1601)
Gallileo discovers law of falling bodies ((1602)
Dutch East India Company (1602)
Wm. Shakespeare "Othello" (1604)
Monteverdi "Fifth Book of Madrigals" (1605)
Cervantes "Don Quixote (Part 1)"
Francis Bacon "On the Advancement of Learning"
Ben Jonson "Volpone"
Wm. Shakespeare "MacBeth" (1606)
Monteverdi "Orfeo" (1607)
Jamestown Colony
Glass bottles exported from Jamestown (1608)
Development of the Telescope (1608)
First checks (1608)
Johannes Kepler "Astronomia Nova" (1609)
Tea from China (1609)
"Parthenia" (1611)
King James Bible (1611)
Baronets (1611)
Bacon "Novum Organum" (1612)
Copper coins (1613)
Rosicrucians (ca. 1614)
English glass industry (1614)
Peter Paul Rubens "Descent from the Cross" (1614)
Trigonometrical triangulation in cartography (1617)
Potoatoes banned in Burgundy as a cause of leprosy (1619)
Pilgrims land at Plymouth (1620)
First submarine (1620)
Deaf-and-Dumb sign language (1620)
Potatoes planted in Germany (1621)
Shakespeare "First Folio" (1623)
Patent law in England (1623)
Name "gas" used (1624)
Franz Hals "The Laughing Cavalier" (1624)
First fire engines in England (1625)
The Siege of La Rochelle ends (1626)
William Harvey "Essay on the Motion of the Heart and the Blood"
Founding of the city of Boston, Mass. by the Puritans (1630)
Pirates in Tortuga (1630)
Public advertising (1630)
Rembrandt van Rijn "The Anatomy Lesson" (1631)
Taj Mahal begun (1634)
Pierre Cournelle "Le Cid" (1636)
Tea appears in Paris (1636)
Descartes "Discourse on Method" (1637)
Anthony van Dyke "The Children of Charles I" (1637)
First public opera theater, in Venice
Torture abolished in England (1639)
First comic operas (1639)
"The Bay Psalm Book" (1640)
First American whiskey made (1640)
Hope Diamond purchased by Tavernier (1640)
Rembrandt "The Night Watch" (1642)
Income and property tax introduced in England (1642)
Lope de Vega (1647)
End of Thirty Years War (1648)
Descartes "Musicae Compendium" (1650)
Beginning of extermination of N. American Indian (1650)
"Long lunge" and "parry-riposte" in fencing (no date, but after

ioseph@primenet.com PO Box 35190 Locksley Plot Systems
White Tree Productions Phoenix, AZ 85069 CyberMongol Ltd

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