keys-locks-bib - 9/28/02
An annotated bibliography on medieval and Renaissance Locks and Keys by Magnus.
This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.
This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org
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Mark S. Harris AKA: THLord Stefan li Rous
Stefan at florilegium.org
Date: Thu, 19 Sep 2002 16:19:59 -0400
From: rmhowe <MMagnusM at bellsouth.net>
Subject: Early, Medieval and Renaissance Locks and Keys - Updated
Early, Medieval and Renaissance Locks and Keys
I realize not everyone is interested in locks and keys, however,
for some of you this will likely prove quite golden. It was
written in response to someone wanting to make a chest lock
for the Mastermyr Chest. However, many of you have no
references at all. Now you do:
Artsikhovskii, A.V. & Kolchin, B.A. (eds.): Trudy Novgorodskoi
Arkheologicheskoi Ekspeditsii. Tom II. (Materialy i Issledovaniia
po Arkheologii SSSR. 65.) Moskva (Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR),
1959. 362, (2)pp. Prof. illus. Lrg. 4to.
(Novgorod 1958 Volume II: Iron and Steel by B.A. Kolchin includes
many metalworking, woodworking, wood turning, needlework tools
and pages 78-97 on locks, wooden locks, metal lock plates and keys.
Weapons by A. F. Medvedev, Leatherwork and Shoemaking by S.A.
Izyumova, Metal articles of dress and adornment by M.V. Sedova,
Arwidsson, Greta and Gosta Berg: The Mastermyr Find: A Viking Age
Tool Chest from Gotland. Stockholm: KVHAA/Almqvist & Wiksell. 1983.
Kungl. Vitterhets Historie Och Antikvitets Akademien, Almquist
& Wiksell Intl., Stockholm, Sweden, 1983. Discusses Viking age
woodworking and metal-working tools, woodworking techniques,
and material culture. Reprinted by Norm Larson Books, CA 2000.
Larbooks at impulse.net $20. It does indeed have good sectional
drawings of the locking mechanism.
Bailey, Gordon; Detector Finds 2, Payne, Greg (Ed.) (Retail
Price £8.00 Each) 1995, pb, ISBN 1897738013. purse frames,
pocket sundials, medieval handles, thimbles, furniture fittings,
sentimental brooches, baldric buckles, watch keys, lead weights,
cased mirrors, toy cannons, cuff links, nut crackers, petronels,
sword belt fitments, scissors, horse pendants, foot pattens,
wine labels, -barrel locks and keys-, palm guards, button hooks,
dividers, sword and dagger chapes, brass horse bells, jaws harps,
hatpins, lead 'bells', spoons, scabbard fitments, miniature
domestic utensils, jettons.
Bailey, Gordon; Detector Finds 3; Payne, Greg (Ed.) (Retail Price
£10.00Each) 1997, ISBN 2897738226
Lace tags, belt decorations, horseshoes, medieval candle holders,
bayonet scabbard hooks, pewter syringes, bronze pot legs, walking
stick tops and ferrules, medieval purse holders, brass lettering
from tombs, decorative pouring spouts, -casket, chest and door keys-;
snake form belt hooks; Roman and Saxon Pins; silver pins and bodkins;
pilgrims ampulla, -medieval barrel locks and keys-, cosmetic
implements; finger rings; clothing accessories.
Biddle, Martin, O.U.P., (ed.) Object and Economy in Medieval
Winchester : Artefacts from Medieval Winchester (Winchester Studies
7 II) Dec. 1990, 2 vols. 4to. cx + 1271pp. 387 figures, 65 plates
$350.00, Oxford Univ Pr; ISBN: 0198131755. Has a section on locks
Birley, Andrew (BA): Vindolanda Research Reports Volume IV - The
Small Finds – Fascicule II – Security: The Keys and Locks; 1997.
Published by Roman Army Museum Publications, for the Vindolanda
Trust, Bardon Mill, Hexham, Northumberland, NE47 7JN, UK44pp.,
http://www.vindolanda.com/, 19 b/w full page illustrations (of multiple
items each) containing 91 examples of keys of many types, locks,
and lock plates, there are also a wooden lock survival from Vindolanda,
and a photograph of the one from the Roman fort at Saalburg, Germany,
Usual working or assembly methods of the metal keyed locks are not
illustrated as well as some other books. Includes 4 bone and a few
wooden keys. 300mm x 210mm large 4to paperbound. ISBN 187313651
"An informative report on an often overlooked subject. This book
helps to draw a line under the fact that 500 heavily armed soldiers
were still often at the mercy of thievery amongst themselves.
Nearly 200 locking devices have been recovered from Vindolanda,
from AD 100 – 400, giving unusual insight into the evolution of
crime prevention in Roman Britain.
£5.95 plus postage or about $12 07/02
Blair, John: Anglo-Saxon Oxfordshire; Sutton Publishing Ltd. /
Oxfordshire Books, 1994/8, 230pp., 102 illustrations.
A very unique 7th C. -Janus head lock case- from Bishop’s Court.
ISBN 0750917504 pb, £14.99
Bock, Friedrich. (Commentary): DEUTSCHES HANDWERK IM MITTELALTER.
(German Handwork in the Middle Ages) Bilder aus dem Hausbuch der
Mendelschen Zwölfbrüderstiftung in Nürnburg. (Pictures from the
Mendel Housebook) Publisher: Leipzig: Insel Verlag o. J. u.
Auflagenbezeichnung - first edition 1935, 1-20,000 copies.;
Insel Bucherei Nr. 477. No date. 47 SS. (47 pages) Mit 36
ganzseitigen Bildern. (with 36 illustrations) OPp. (oberes
Kapital leicht berieben). 12mo, 47pp, 36 full page illustrations,
no dj. Hardcover. Text in German. Type in Fraktur/Gothic. This is
a compilation of 36 drawings of craftsmen (and patrons) in
different trades beginning about 1400 to 1451 in Germany.
A Locksmith in front of forge, under a timbered ceiling, filing at a
key with lock parts before him on a bench, backlit by an arched window.
Brailsford, J.W.[M.A., F.S.A., F.M.A.]: A Guide to the Antiquities
of Roman Britain; Published by The Trustees of the British Museum,
London, 1958. Heavy Cardboard Bound 8to, 86 pages, B&W plates
and illustrations. Includes diagrams of a working door or chest
lock and a padlock pages 76 and 78.
Brisbane, Mark (ed.): The Archaeology of Novgorod, Russia, Lincoln:
The Society for Medieval Archaeology, monography 13, 1992.
Subtitled ‘Recent results from the town and its hinterland' this
volume provides an English account of the important results that
continue to flow from the excavations at Novgorod. Six Russian
authors describe excavations in and around the town: historical
development, lay out of properties, interpretation of the finds
as evidence of trades, social and cultural states; description of
buildings and building techniques, and recent finds including
musical instruments. It is an excellent summary with lots of
illustrations. 240p with text figs and photos.
(Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series 13, 1992). They found
1,200 locks and keys here. A sample page of locks and keys and
a chronology page of those types are in the book.
CHAPMAN, D.J.: Medieval Locks and Keys, a Short Account of Their
History and Origin; Illus. in b/w. 12pp. Wrs. Privately printed
at Maidstone college of Art, 1956.
Cherry, J.: The Medieval Jewellery from the Fishpool, Nottinghamshire,
Hoard; Archaeologia 104, 1973, pp.301-21 including a
page on the Thames Hoard of 15th C. Jewellery and Plate LXXXVI
depicting the primary pieces in color. Heart shaped brooches, fancy
chains, rings, a -lock- locket, etc..
D'Allemagne, Henry Rene: Decorative Antique Ironwork, A Pictorial
Treasury, over 4500 illustrations, Dover, New York, 1968, 416 pages,
PB, ISBN 0486220826, contains many locks, keys and escutcheon plates
on pages 36-104, and also contains many illustrations of medieval
and renaissance chests and almsboxes on pages 391-408.
Diehl, Daniel, and Mark Donnelly: Medieval Furniture: Plans and
Instructions for Historical Reproductions; The successor to
Constructing Medieval Furniture presents fourteen new furniture
designs. The projects are preceded by useful sections on medieval
decorating, wood- and metalworking, woodcarving, locks and finishes.
Illustrated throughout. 179p, 16 color plates, many b/w illustrations
(Stackpole Books 1999). ISBN: 0811728544 (Put in for availability.)
Eras, V.J.M.: Locks and Keys Throughout the Ages, Lips and Co.
1957. Publisher: Dordrecht: The Author, ca1956.; Cloth; 194 pp;
304 illustrations. An extensive study of locks, their history,
their metallurgy, their application, and much more.
Dutch Edition; ERAS, V.J.M.,: Sloten en Sleutels Door de Eeuwen Heen.;
[Dordrecht, Lips], 1941. 4to. 175 pp. Met ca.300 ills.
Egan, Geoff: The Medieval Household: Daily Living 1150-1450
ISBN 0112904904 This sixth volume in the series `Medieval Finds
from Excavations in London' has fixtures and fittings, furnishings,
locks and keys. 342p with illus (Stationery Office 1998) Hb £50.00
Friar, Stephen: A Companion to the English Parrish Church;
Bramley Books, 1998, An imprint of Quadrillion Publishing Ltd.,
Godaling Business Centre, Woolsack Way, Godalming, Surrey
GU7 1XW. 517 page hardback, illustrated, dj, ISBN 1858337380.
A good close up drawing of a falcon within a fetterlock badge is
under badges on page 31. Church door locks, post medieval period
are discussed on page 167. Another fetterlock is carved on a
misericord on page 295.
A Viking Lock and a wooden lock case with metal parts was found
at Jorvik (York, England) and it shows up in differing views in
R.A. Hall's books The Viking Dig and Viking Age York.
Hall, Richard: Viking Age York; Batsford Ltd., London, English
Heritage Series. 1st Ed. 1994. ISBN 0713470143 PB or 0713470135
HB. This one has the wooden cased lock with internal metal
mechanism found at 6-8 Pavement Street, possibly from a chest.
The iron barreled padlock from 16-22 Coppergate is on pages 92-3.
Hall, Richard: The Excavations at York - The Viking Dig; The
Bodley Head, London, 1984, ISBN 0370308212 PB. This one has the
10th Century iron barrel padlock with explanatory drawings and
a separate key on page 108 and 110.
Holmquist, Wilhelm: Excavations at Helgo, Volume I for 1954-6,
Kungl. Vitterhets Historie och Antikvitets Akademien, Stockholm,
1961 has pages 115-6 and 120-22 as well as plates 33-7 (multiple
examples on each) on locks and keys found there.
Kolchin, B.A.: Metallurgy and Metalworking in Ancient Russia,
Translated from the Russian, Published for the Smithsonian
Institution and the National Science Foundation, Washington,
D.C., Printed in Jerusalem by S. Monson, 1967. Has eight pages
on Russian locks and keys.
A 14th C. medieval German Locksmith is depicted at work in the
Mills, Nigel: Medieval Artefacts; 1999, ISBN 1897738277.
Buckles; strapends and belt mounts; seal matrices; thimbles;
pilgrim badges; finger rings; brooch buckles; harness pendants;
-locks and keys-; weights, spoons, knives and pottery; arrowheads,
spurs and edged weapons; purses, pins, buttons, pendants, mirrors,
and whistles; ecclestiastical objects; select bibliography.
Monk, Eric: Keys - Their History & Collection; Shire Publications
Ltd., 1983. Card covers, 64 pages. http://www.Shirebooks.com/
Ottaway, Patrick: York 17/6 / Anglo-Scandinavian Ironwork from
16-22 Coppergate; 1992, 284pp, 160 illustrations, ISBN 187241429X,
£30.00 The site produced evidence for every aspect of the
production of iron artefacts, although smelting probably took place
elsewhere. The wide range of excellently preserved ironwork, the
most complete collection from pre-Conquest England, is also
evidence for a variety of domestic and craft activities. This also
includes quite a variety of pages on various styles of barrel,
door and chest type locks. Very well illustrated.
Available from the York Archaeological Trust.
PITT-RIVERS, Lieut.-Gen.: On the Development and Distribution
of Primitive Locks and Keys. ; London. Chatto & Windus. 1883.
4to. pp. 31. 10 hors texte plates, printed on rectos only,
each with an unnumbered text leaf. Gilt-decorated boards.
Discusses the etymology of words for locks and keys; and
European (including Scandinavian) Chinese, Egyptian, Greek and
(While this thing is quite rare I did manage to borrow a falling
apart copy from the Chicago Public Library I think. Two pages
of the thirty-one were still attached.)
Quennell, Marjorie and C.H.B.: Everyday Life in Roman and Saxon
Time - Including Viking and Norman Times; New York, G.P. Putnam's
Son's, 1984, has several pages on locks in the Smith section.
Also in the People and their Houses section.
Singer, Charles (ed. et al): A History of Technology, Volume II, The
Mediterranean Civilizations and the Middle Ages c. 700 BC
to c. A.D. 1500; 1956, Oxford University Press, New York and
London. The listings are under Building Construction in the
index. Doors and Locks are disscussed on 403, 415-6, 425. Locks and
Keys are 415-6 and 429-30. Illustrations of Greek and Roman
door keys and locks (3) are on page 416. Page 415 cites a primitive
type of Egyptian wooden lock in /Singer’s Volume I, figure 496B.
On page 430 are two illustrations of a Norman lock made of a large
wooden beam which encases the mechanism of the lock. A key is
shown moving in the lock to illustrate it’s working. This is probably
from Castor, England as a surviving Norman dooor lock and key
are cited on page 429.
Viking Heritage Magazine: Number 1 1999
Some thoughts concerning a key type from the Viking Age.
(Discusses archaeological lock and key finds, including rotational
bow locks and 2 piece bolt-locks. Diagram of lock mechanism,
diagrams of several keys and key-shaped pendants. Evidence that
keys are also found in men's graves, not just in women's graves.
Excellent bibliography, some publications in English.)
Ward, John: Roman Britain, Parkgate Books; has a number of pages
on Roman locks and door-locks.
Ward Perkins, J B. London Museum Medieval Catalogue 1940. Anglia
Publishing, 1993, £30.00 has a really good section
11 Mar 2002 "dwilson" <dwilson at nbnet.nb.ca>
RE: Early, Medieval and Renaissance Locks and Keys
Tools from the Mastermyr Find book
http://www.netlabs.net/~osan/ImageLib.html on page 9 of the catalog.
There is a complete discription of the lock, key and parts with
Master Magnus Malleus, OL © 2002 R.M. Howe
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help people without aggravating me.*