p-horses-bib - 4/3/01
A bibliography on Horse Material from the Ancient and Medieval Periods that may be of use to the re-enactor community. By Master Magnus Malleus.
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Mark S. Harris AKA: THLord Stefan li Rous
Stefan at florilegium.org
Subject: Re: [Regia-NA] Horse Stuff / Ancient to Medieval
Date: Sat, 17 Feb 2001 18:40:21 -0500
From: rmhowe <MMagnusM at bellsouth.net>
To: list-regia-us at netword.com
The following books deal with Horse Material from the Ancient and
Medieval Periods and may be of use to the re-enactor community.
Wagner, Edouard: Yoroslova Drobna, and Jan Durdik
Medieval Costume, Armour and Weapons 1350-1450
Translated by Jean Layton, Czechoslovakia; Artia, 1958
London, P. Hamlyn (publisher) 1962 more than one edition.
72 p. 383 plates.
Translation of Kroje, zvroj a zbrane doby piredhusitske' a husitak'e
Bibliography: p/ 71-72
GT575.W293 1962 63-4774
1.Costume-Hist.-Medieval. 2. Arms and Armor 3. Harness
These plates are hand drawn illustrations from paintings, sculpture,
and actual objects, and cover a wide area of Europe.
You will find all kinds of stuff in it. A great deal on Horses,
saddles, barding, harness, wagons (including fighting). Big Book.
You might also try The Medieval Warhorse - Origin, Development, and
Redevelopment by R.H.C. Davis, Thames and Hudson, London 1989
It only has fifty illustrations, but most are earlier in Period. There
are no modern illustrations. ISBN 0-500-25102-9
The Medieval Horse and Its Equipment, Medieval Finds from
Excavations in London 5, Museum of London, circa 1150-1450 AD.
Edited by John Clark, HMSO-London, 1995, ISBN 0-11-290485-8.
Skips around a great deal, depicting things before period and up to
the 19th century, no saddles specifically, some period illustrations
of horses being rode, sticks mostly to bits, spurs, stirrups, pendants,
fittings, curry combs, shoes. If you are looking to reconstruct a
saddle or for much barding see other sources, you won't find it here.
Blair, Claude: Emperorer Maximillian's Gift of Armor to King
Henry VIII and the Silvered and Engraved Armour at the Tower
of London, Archaeologia 99, 1965, pp. 1-52 with plates I-XXV
(and measured drawings of construction details of Henry's Armour).
Depicts a number of steel Bards and Shaffrons for horses, including
a fancy Burgundian set.
Another MAJOR book which I would think that you would want is:
The Encyclopedie Medievale by Viollet le Duc reprinted by
Inter-Livres in France in 1993. I think it has been reprinted since
then. The French printer didn't like to put decent information on the
title pages so I'll give you the bar code number and the impression
information from the last page. The originals were printed in the
Boy, if only Dover did this one...
9 782878 300338
Achev'e d'imprimer en aout 1993 dans les ateliers de Normandie Roto
Impression s.a. a' Lonrai (61250) - No d'imprimeur : 13-15000.
D'epot l'egal : aout 1993.
This is huge and consists of two huge volumes bound into one, each was
about 720 pages, or about 1440 total, with about 4000 illustrations.
Well, who was Viollet le Duc? He was the guy who restored Notre Dame
and some other French national monuments in the mid 1800's for the
French Gov't. For example he redid Carcassone, which never had those
pointy towers on the city walls before he added them. Another thing
he put over on us was the gargoyles on Notre Dame which really are
his and his masons' interpretations of the originals. There are other
debatable transgressions too, but he saved the monuments, often
reworking them like St. Denis.
The majority of the two volumes in one are architectural renderings of
things medieval in France, but they also include armor, costume, tools,
furniture, weapons, feast gear, saddles, stirrups, barding, etc. It is
a massive work done by a number of artists.
The last time I saw it for sale it was from Scholar's Bookshelf, which
often sells French Medieval books (in french). It cost about $125
http://www2.scholarsbookshelf.com/ for military books and videos
http://www.scholarsbookshelf.com/catalog.html to request a variety of
different kinds of catalogs including fine arts and literature.
or to email - books at scholarsbookshelf.com
I can recommend these folks highly.
Note: It was still available in France in 1998.
A History of British Native Ponies, by Anthony Dent and Daphne
Machin Goodall, (first published in 1962 under the title Foals of Epona)
From the Bronze Age to the Present Day. J. A. Allen, London 1988.
ISBN 0-85131-436-8. 32 plates, 58 line drawings, 305 pages. A
great deal of period art in the way of sculpture, statues, illuminations
and later depictions. Shows Viking stirrups, line drawings based on
Bayeaux tapestry. Obviously horses are included. No good depictions
Greece and Rome at War by Peter Connolly, Prentice-Hall Inc.,
Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ. Also Macdonald Phoebus, 1981, ISBN
0-13-364976-8 Lof Congress 810218. Currently available in 1998.
Includes depictions of chariots and the early Roman saddles dating to
the early empire, just after the death of Caesar, stating that they
are almost certainly of Celtic origin. A great deal of depicitions
of horse sculpture and remains of fittings and armor are included.
Connolly, Peter: A Reconstruction of a Roman Saddle;
Britannia 17, 1986, pp. 353-5, with illustrations showing
construction of saddle and relevant ancient illustrations.
The Roman Saddle is discussed in depth in:
Military Illustrated - Past and Present Magazine #13
June/July 1988 which is an issue on Roman Cavalry reenactment.
Part of the magazine is a particular article by Peter Connolly, pages
26-32, and depicts the reconstruction and trials of the saddle in
pretty good depth. There is also a preceding article on the Cohortes
Equitate from Augustus to Hadrian by Paul Holder and illustrated
by Peter Connolly on pages 21-6.
(I know you can ILL articles from this magazine because I recently
received one. It is a British magazine for reenactors and it is
extremely accurate and detailed. The last issue I have is from
the early '90s and it was $75 stateside then. I imagine it is $100
Three I haven't seen yet by Peter Connally on the Saddle are:
Connally, Peter: The Roman Saddle; 1987, pp. 7-27 in Dawson, M.
(ed) The Accoutrements of War: Third Roman Military Equipment
Seminar: Oxford, BAR,S472. Three volumes.
Connally, Peter: Experiments with the Roman Saddle; in Exercitus
2:5, pp. 71-6.
Connally, Peter: The Saddle Horns from Newstead; in Journal of
the Roman Military Equipment Studies I, pp. 61-6.
Dixon, Karen R. and Pat Southern: The Roman Cavalry, from the
First to the Third Century A.D.; 1992 (probably Routledge)
Barnes and Noble, USA, 2000, ISBN 0760717001. Very
comprehensive and well illustrated including many hand drawn
depictions of statuary, objects from excavations, and the conjectural
reconstruction of the Roman Saddle and strapping of Peter Connally.
Books on the Valkenburg Fort and the saddle remains:
Glasbergen, W. and W. Groenman-Van Waateringe:
The Pre-Flavian Garrison of Valkenburg Z.H.; 1974. 50p. Ills. [KNAW].
Groenman-Van Waateringe, W., Romeins Lederwerk Uit
Valkenburg Z.H.; Gron., Wolters, 1967, 221 pp. with 76 illustrations
and figures and a bibliography.
Haworth, Richard: The Horse Harness of the Irish Early Iron Age, Ulster
Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 34, 1971, pp. 26-41, separate offprint.,
2 page bibliog.
Robinson, H. Russell: The Armour of Imperial Rome;
Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1975, ISBN 0-684-13956-1.
LoCongress 74-11777. Contains Roman Cavalry armor, horse
armor, scale horse bards, and a pattern for the Valkenburg saddle
cited above. There are of course a number of illustrations of
sculpture also included. This is the bible on Roman Armour
of the Imperial Age. Most surviving examples are included.
Mielczarek, Mariusz: Cataphracti and Clibanarii - Studies on the Heavy
Armoured Cavalry of the Ancient World; Oficyna Naukowa, Lodz, Poland,
1993, Studies on the History of Ancient and Medieval Warfare, Vol I,
ISBN 8385874003, pb.
Haworth, Richard: The Horse Harness of the Irish Early Iron Age,
Ulster Journal of Archaeology, Vol. 34, 1971, pp. 26-41, separate
offprint., 2 page bibliog..
Seaby, Wilfred A.: Viking Stirrups from England and Their Background;
Medieval Archaeology 24, 1980, pp. 87-122, extensive biblio., and
Hyland, Ann: The Animal that made history, The Medieval Warhorse from
Bysantium to the Crusades; "A fascinating survey of the role and
importance of the warhorse as it emerged from the Roman and Byantine
eras and took its place in the military campaigns of medieval Europe.
Addressing the whole spectrum of the medieval warhorse in all its
varieties, from those used by the upper classes to the heavy warhorse
or destrier, this book discusses the warhorse's origins, nature, and
uses; its breeding, feeding, and training, and its value, both monetary
and practical. Covers such details as the SADDLES and HARNESSES used,
the techniques of riding; todays couterparts of the medieval warhorse
and more. B&W photos & illustrations (Combined) 204pp. PB Pub. $16.95
Osprey Books often hold a great deal of information including
some exploded views, not a lot but easily understood:
See plate G of Ospreys Warrior Series #1 Norman Knight 950-1204 AD
by Christopher Gravett. Shows 11th and 12th C saddles, bridles and
a sumpter (pack) horse with panniers. ISBN 1-85532-287-0
Gravett is Asst. Curator of Armour at Britains' Royal Armouries.
See plate H (double page) of Osprey Warrior Series #10 Saracen Faris
1050-1250 AD. Shows exploded views of two saddles and harness and
fittings. By David Nicole. ISBN 1-85532-453-9.
There are a few horse illustrations, including modern interpretational
drawings in Germanic Warrior, 236-568 AD by Simon MacDowell,
illustrated by Angus McBride, Osprey Warrior Series #17. One
of the modern pictures shows stirrups in use, none are depicted.
Various Germanic and Frankish bits and stirrups are pictured.
Knight of Outremer 1187-1344 AD, Osprey Warrior Series 18,
by David Nicolle, PhD, illustrated by Christa Hook, ISBN
1-85532-555-1 has two full pages of exploded views of Saddles,
Stirrups, Bits, Harness, Chainmail Barding and Barding for horses
as well as a number of other illustrations, mostly period. Outremer
was what was left of the Crusader Kingdoms in that period.
The nice thing about the Warrior series from Osprey Books is the
very detailed construction views of arms and armor, costume, etc.
Osprey Elite Series # 3, The Vikings, by Ian Heath, illustrated by
Angus McBride, depicts several Viking spurs and bits, and has
a really nice reconstruction of the Gokstad Bridle. Modern
depictions of Vikings ahorse are included. ISBN O 85045 565 0
For the Norman period there is The Normans, by David Nicholle,
illustrated by Angus McBride, Osprey Elite Series #9 which depicts
numerous sculptures, chess pieces, illuminations and modern
illustrations of Normans and foes on horse. ISBN0-85045-729-7.
In the Osprey Elite Series, #17 Knights at Tournament by Christopher
Gravett will be found a lot of pictures of barding, chest defences,
and four non-exploded saddle illustrations. ISBN 0-85045-836-6.
Osprey Elite Series 27, Soldiers of the English Civil War (2) Cavalry
by John Tincey, colour plates by Angus McBride depicts horses of
the period in period and modern illustrations but not tack
individually. ISBN 0-85045-940-0
In Arms and Armor of the Medieval Knight by David Edge
and John Miles Paddock, Crescent, ISBN 0-517-64468 continually
reprinted and cheap at the price, you will find many pictures of
saddles, barding, horse armor, including the saddle of Henry V (1422) and a
137 Woodcuts by Hans Burgkmair and Others
Dover, 1964, LofCongress 63-19488 depicts a great many of the differing
styles of horse furnishings and armor. The first edition came out in
Bailey, Gordon; Detector Finds 2, Payne, Greg (Ed.) (Retail Price
£8.00Each) 1995, pb, ISBN 1897738013. horse pendants, foot pattens, brass horse
Mills, Nigel: Medieval Artefacts; 1999, ISBN 1897738277.
harness pendants; spurs, select bibliography.
Moscati, Sabatino & Venceslas Kruta. THE CELTS. New York, Rizzoli, 1999.
719pp, Bibliography, Photo. & Illus., 8vo, First Edition, New Softcover.
$35.00 or 1991 hardcover, ISBN: 0847814076, 712 pp., Hardcover.
Huge book, lots of color pictures. For a major exhibition. A great
many tools, including the remains of a saddler's leather bag with
the (many) tools in it. Lots of chariots and wagons, weapons, armor,
shields (with diagrams good enough to reproduce) and fittings.
Saunders, Peter and Eleanor: Salisbury and South Wiltshire Museum
Medieval Catalogue Part I, published by the Salisbury and South
Wiltshire Museum, The King's House, 65 The Close, Salisbury,
Wiltshire SP1 2EN, England, ISBN 0947535136,
Objects illustrated with drawings. 191p with ill (1991)
Pb £19.95. Items covered include Harness Pendants, Spurs, Rings,
Textiles, Arrowheads, Tiles, Seal Matrices, Coins, and Mortars.
Ward Perkins, J B.: London Museum Medieval Catalogue 1940.
Anglia Publishing, 1993. Catalogue of the wide-ranging collection:
weapons, tools, horse furniture, pendants, keys, purses, weights,
lighting, household utensils, plate, pottery, tiles, pilgrim
souvenirs, buckles, chapes, figures, wood, bone, ivory, glass,
pipeclay, whetstones, seals. 322pp, illustrated boards, profusely
illustrated with photos and drawings. New. Book # 16 £24.50
(approx. 38.89 American Dollars)
Anglia Publishing , Unit T, Dodnash Priory Farm Hazel Shrub,
Bentley, Ipswich, United Kingdom , IP9 2DF Phone 01473 311138 /
Fax 01473 312288, anglia at anglianet.co.uk ('99)
Waterman, Dudley M.: Late Saxon, Viking, and Early Medieval Finds
from York; in Archaeologia 97, 1959, pp. 59-105. Includes bronze
bowl, knives, axes, spears, swords, sword chape, arrowhead, horse
furniture (bits, spurs, stirrups), strapends, hooks, brooches,
pendants, pins, bone pins and bodkins, wooden and bone spoons,
bone combs and cases, oak casket with bone mounts, ornamental
bonework including flutes, worked antler, spindle whorls, jet
objects (gamepiece, pendant, whorl), glass beads, linen smoothers,
amber, stone whetstones and line sinker, pottery vessels and lamps,
Morris, Carole A.: Craft, Industry and Everyday Life: Wood and
Woodworking in Anglo Scandinavian and Medieval York: The
Archaeology of York - The Small Finds Series 17/13, 2000, app.
400pp, 225 illus., paperback, (Council for British Archaeology,
Bowes Morrell House, 111 Walmgate, York, Y01 9WA), ISBN 1902771109,
Available through Oxbowbooks.com or the York Archaeological Trust -
Has a lot of information on medieval woodturning. Depicts
woodworking tools and techniques, the craft of lathe turning, vessels,
and resultant waste; coopered vessels; domestic equipment and
boxes and enclosed containers; furniture bits; personal items; manual
and agricultural implements; textile implements; implements used for
non- woodworking crafts and activities; games and passtimes;
building bits and fragments; pegs and miscellaneous implements;
_two saddle bows_; and a willow shoe last; with a large bibliography
and a small glossary.
Master Magnus Malleus, OL, Windmasters' Hill, Atlantia and the
GDHorde. Copyright R. M. Howe 2000. May be reprinted in SCA or reenactor
publications provided a copy is sent to 5019 Kaplan Drive, Raleigh, NC
27606 USA and the publication is NOT for profit. Okayed for SCA
email list use but not to the Rialto or newsgroups.