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castles-lnks – 8/6/04


A set of web links to information on medieval castles and fortifications by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: castles-msg, buildings-msg, wattle-daub-msg, thatch-roofs-msg, siege-engines-msg, firearms-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I  have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I  have done  a limited amount  of  editing. Messages having to do  with separate topics  were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the  message IDs  were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make  no claims  as  to the accuracy  of  the information  given by the individual authors.


Please  respect the time  and  efforts of  those who have written  these messages. The  copyright status  of these messages  is  unclear at this time. If  information  is  published  from  these  messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: Lis <liontamr at ptd.net>

Date: August 10, 2004 10:54:28 PM CDT

To: Stefan li Rous <StefanliRous at austin.rr.com>

Subject: Links: Medieval Fortifications


Greetings everyone, on this hot, muggy day. I hope the weather is treating

you better than it's treating me here in the Poconos. We hit 90 today! And

it's still spring. Whew!


This week's Links list, by special request of my Husband, is on castles and

fortifications. I've included a little bit on fortifications from all over

Medieval Europe, and even a program for your kids to use to build their own

castle at home.


I hope you enjoy these Links and will pass thema long to those who will find

them interesting.






Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon

m/k/a Lisbeth Her-Gelatt




For Fun:


Build A Medieval Castle: Free children's activity


(Site Excerpt) Free educational software.  Build your own medieval castle,

complete with towers, gatehouse and keep. To understand how an army lay

siege to a castle, how a castle was defended, or what it might be like to

live in a castle (though this varied by who you were) -- build a model



For Teachers:

Castle Builder Lesson Plan




And the Serious Links:


Castles of Britain: Build a Castle


(Site Excerpt) Even today, centuries after they were active in British

history, castles demonstrate the majesty, power and wealth of their noble

builders. By the end of the 12th century, stone castles became more

elaborate, the obsession of several powerful personalities who felt pressure

to prove their own value by constructing these towering piles. While Edward

I used the stone fortress as an effective means of dominating a rebellious

Welsh populace, and gave us several of the most impressive structures in the

world, his fortresses also reinforced his status as a wealthy and privileged



Medieval Fortifications

Prof. Jefferey Howe, Boston College


Inlcudes slides of castles at: Aigues-Mortes, Carcassonne, Pierrefonds, all

in France.


123Voyage--Southwest France Medieval fortifications


(Site excerpt) The south west of France is full of medieval castles - or

rather the remains of them - reflecting the turbulent and bloody history of

the area.


A comprehensive listing of the medieval castles, castle sites, fortified

houses, urban and coastal defences and other fortifications of England and



(Site excerpt) The site consists of two main sections. The first is the

listings of medieval fortifications and the second is a listing of the texts

and online sources used in compiling in information for these lists This

section also contains details of some other important or useful texts and

Internet resources.


Infoplease: Ancient and Medieval Fortification


(Site Excerpt) As long as weapons remained relatively primitive, permanent

fortifications predominated. The art of fortification developed in earliest

times with the building of earthworks made up of layers of mud, sticks,

rocks, and the like. These soon were developed into walls, then into

palisades and elaborate wooden stockades. In the Middle East walled cities

appeared very early. Those of Mesopotamia had walls of mud or sun-dried

brick built to withstand invaders. The citadel, a fort or fortified section

within the city, also appeared early. Phoenician cities were strongly walled

and offered sturdy resistance to Assyrian, Persian, and Macedonian



Alphabetical Listing of German Castles and Fortifications



Medieval Fortifications in Florence


(Site excerpt) In Medieval times, Florence was protected by city walls that

surrounded the city, as well as a number of forts around the perimeter.

These forts and walls served as the first line of defense, followed by the

defenses of the individual buildings -- the Medici's palace and the town

hall are even more imposing structures...


The medieval town fortifications of Limerick by Kenneth Wiggins


(Site Excerpt)

Limerick is situated about sixty miles from the coast at the lowest crossing

point on the River Shannon. The island area to the north, known as King's

Island (Inis-Sibtonn), formed by the Shannon and Abbey rivers, attracted

settlement by the Vikings in the 9th century, and they were well established

in the 10th century. An account of the sack of 'the fort and the good town'

at Limerick in 968 describes a place of fabulous opulence (Todd 1876, 79,

81). This core Danish town was later taken over by the Anglo-Normans at the

end of the 12th century, and re-walled and extended to the north to form

medieval English Town. Later the Irish borough on the southern side of the

Abbey River was walled in 1310 - 1495 as Irish Town. Therefore, the city was

like a figure-of-eight in the medieval period, with Baal's Bridge connecting

the two halves.




By Edward Blanchard


(Site Excerpt) In the many hundreds of years since the days of Roman

Britain, the island which makes up England, Wales and Scotland has become

studded with thousands of castles, fortifications and towers. Even major

highlights of the apparently unending wars which swept over this land would

make for lengthy reading, and a solid understanding of them would consume a

lifetime of study. So it is not surprising that as I was driving along the

southern coast of England a while back, I chanced upon the dramatic ruins of

Corfe Castle which was partly destroyed on the orders of Parliament in 1646.


Castle-UK Castle Listing



Castles Unlimited (Castles of Britain Learning Center)



Castle and Seige Terminology



Nova: Secrets of Lost Empires: Medieval Seige--Shockwave required to play

the seige game


(Site Excerpt)Welcome to the companion Web site to the NOVA program

"Medieval Siege," originally broadcast on February 1, 2000. In the film,

which is a part of the NOVA series Secrets of Lost Empires, a team of timber

framers and other specialists design, build, and fire a pair of trebuchets,

a devastating engine of war popular in the Middle Ages. Here's what you'll

find online: Medieval Arms Race...Nova Builds a Trebuchet...Life in a

Castle...Destroy the Castle...Resources...A Teacher's Guide


The Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne


(Site Excerpt) Since the pre-Roman period, a fortified settlement has

existed on the hill where Carcassonne now stands. In its present form it is

an outstanding example of a medieval fortified town, with its massive

defences encircling the castle and the surrounding buildings, its streets

and its fine Gothic cathedral. Carcassonne is also of exceptional importance

because of the lengthy restoration campaign undertaken by Viollet-le-Duc,

one of the founders of the modern science of conservation (Note: Further two

links, a very short page).


Russian Military History--Fortifications


(Site Excerpt) This is the 'cover page' for an expanding web site devoted to

the history of fortifications in Russia and Ukraine. It features extensive

illustrations. The following locations are currently on line.

Gorodetz fortress on the Volga

Ivangorod Ivan III's fortress opposite Narva

Izborsk Novgorodian fortress on Livonian frontier west of Pskov

Kam'yantes Medieval fortress fought over by Poles and Turks

Kazan Tatar capital captured by Ivan IV

Khotin Polish- Galician fortress fought over by them and Turks...(many more



LePage Castles and Fortified Cities in Medieval Europe (Book Review)


(Site Excerpt) The Dutch writer and illustrator, Jean-Denis Lepage, has

produced a wonderfully illustrated, comprehensive volume on the history of

fortification that demonstrates his enviable ability with ink and fluidity

of prose, although not quite as much his analytical skills. A large-format

(9x12in.) volume with copious (easily half the overall page space) clear

black and white line-art drawings of castles from Roman castra to early

modern trace italienne fortified cities, this book is clearly targeted at

the general reader rather than the scholarly academic


<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org