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Mongol-Rus-lnks – 1/28/06


A set of web links to information on the Mongol Rus and the Golden Horde by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: Mongols-msg, Russia-msg, Mongl-Mission-art, Rus-Handbook-art, Kiev-Slavery-art, clothing-bib, cl-Russia-msg, kumiss-msg, kvass-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the individual authors.


Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this time. If information is published from these messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                 AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: aoife at scatoday.net

Subject: [Aoife-Links] Mongol Rus: The Golden Horde

Date: January 18, 2006 7:56:49 PM CST

To: aoife-links at scatoday.net


Greetings, my Faithful Readers!


This week, I am shy of inspiration. Turning to my trusted advisor, my husband Gilbert, I asked for a topic to research. "Magyars," he said, "Islam, Medieval Musical Instruments, Castles."

"Nope," I replied, "I've done those."

"How about Slavs?" Dutifully I entered 'Medieval Slavs' into a search engine. Very little of quality turned up. Clearly I needed other terms, and frankly, my brain hurt.

"Here's one: The Mongol Rus. How about the Golden Horde?" And lo and behold, the hits kept coming.

Therefore this Links List is about that fascinating organization, which managed to be the largest land-based oligarchy in the history of this planet.


This Links List is dedicated to two of my best friends, who both passed away one right after the other in the last month: my tortoise shell calico, Animas, age 15, and my beagle, Samwise, age 14 1/2. I am really going to miss them. May they be ruling their own Horde in heaven.






Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon


Endless Hills




Khanate of the Golden Horde


(Site Excerpt)The origins of the name Golden Horde are uncertain. Some scholars believe that it refers to the camp of Batu and the later rulers of the Horde. In Mongolian, Altan Orda refers to the golden camp or palace. Altan (golden) was also the color connoting imperial status. Other sources mention that Batu had a golden tent, and it is from this that the Golden Horde received its name.


Early Mongol Coins of the Crimea



Columbia Encyclopedia: Golden Horde, Empire of the


(Site Excerpt) Under the Empire of the Golden Horde, the Russian principalities retained their own rulers and internal administration. However, they were tributaries of the khan, who confirmed princely succession and exacted exorbitant taxes. Until the disintegration of the Mongol empire (14th cent.) the khans themselves were under the suzerainty of the great khan at Karakorum.


The Mongols and the Emergence of Moscow


(Site Excerpt) Under the Empire of the Golden Horde, the Russian principalities retained their own rulers and internal administration. However, they were tributaries of the khan, who confirmed princely succession and exacted exorbitant taxes. Until the disintegration of the Mongol empire (14th cent.) the khans themselves were under the suzerainty of the great khan at Karakorum.


Mongolians test alien idea: Privatizing the land


(Site Excerpt) Despite the reputation for violent acquisitiveness that Mongolians acquired when Genghis Khan and the Golden Horde forged the world's greatest land empire in the 12th and 13th centuries, Mongolia developed as a communal land-sharing system long before capitalists and Communists clashed over the principles of property and ownership.




(Site Except) The Golden Horde consisted of two main divisions. The Blue Horde, which descended from Batu Khan, grandson of Genghis, dominated in the first half of the 14th Century and the White Horde, which descended from Batu's brother Orda, played a significant role in the latter part of the century.


"Olen-Kolodetz" - A Golden Horde aristocrat's burial . . . The Male Burial


(Site Excerpt) Although they were first mentioned in an archeological map by L.M. Savelov in 1902, they hadn't been explored until 1996, when despite the government protection of the site a construction company started building a road through it. Six mounds were destroyed by the construction work, and then inspected by a team of archeologists. Three of them were nomad burials, two of which are described in detail by Efimov.


Historical Boys Clothing: The Mongols


(Site Excerpt--note there are no actual images of clothing on this site) The Mongols burst out of the Asian steppe at the beginning of the 13th century. The rise of the Mongols began in the East at the beginning of the 13th century. The Chinese decided to restrict trade with the Mongols, no doubt understanding that trade was helping to build a military threat to their north. Temujin united the various clans and was proclaimed Genghis Khan or Very Mighty King (1206).


State Hermitage Museum: Treasure of the Golden Horde


(Site Excerpt) This is the first large-scale exhibition devoted to the artistic life of the Golden Horde. The display includes some 1,000 items made between the 13th and 15th centuries by craftsmen of the Ulus Juchi or Golden Horde - the westernmost of the states that formed after the death of Genghis Khan in the territories of which he was master.


The Tatar Ethnic Minority in China


(Site Excerpt) Their history in China dates from the Tang Dynasty (618-907), when the Tatar tribe was ruled by the nomadic Turkic Khanate in northern China. As this state fell into decline, the Tatars grew in strength, and their name was used to refer to several tribes in the north after the Tang Dynasty. Their homeland was later annexed by Mongols, and when the Mongols pushed west, many Central Asians and Europeans called them Tatars.


Ibn Battuta's Trip: Part Six - The Steppe - Land of the Golden Horde, 1332 - 1333


(Site Excerpt) They had arrived just in time to make the 700-mile trip to the Volga River under the protection of the King of the Golden Horde who was traveling only a few days ahead. So they bought three wagons and animals to pull them and rushed to catch up. (One wagon was for Ibn Battuta himself and a slave girl - with whom he would father another child! A second wagon was for his friend, and a third large one was for the rest of his companions and other slaves.) A prosperous steppe dweller might own one or two hundred wagons!


<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org