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Medeval-Paris-lnks – 10/12/03


A set of web links to information on medieval Paris by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: Paris-msg, France-msg, Normans-msg, cities-msg, buildings-msg, commerce-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the individual authors.


Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this time. If information is published from these messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: Lis <liontamr at ptd.net>

Date: Tue Sep 23, 2003  8:20:25 AM US/Central

To: Stefan li Rous <StefanliRous at austin.rr.com>

Subject: Medieval Paris


Greetings everyone.


This week in honor of Aethelmearc's newest beloved Monarch, His Majesty Sir

Henri d'Artois, we visit that Mecca of medieval knowledge, Paris. Most

learned and moneyed men (and quite a few learned and moneyed women) went

there at least once during their Medieval lifetimes, so we shall visit and

see what it was they found so fascinating. They came to learn, to play, or

to attack. They passed through on a tour or a pilgrimage. They left behind a

little of themselves, and took a great deal away with them. Let's see what

it was they found so fascianting on our own tour of sites dedicated to

Medieval Paris. We'll look at Prisian Food, Parisian Universities, Famous

Citizens of Paris, French music likely to have been heard in Paris, French

Coins, Artifacts in Museums dedicated to Medieval Paris and France, look at

Le Cathedral de Notre Dame de Paris, go on a Parisian Pilgrimage, and check

out maps, abbeys and architecture.


This list is designed to be forwarded by the readers to people and lists who

will find it interesting. Please forward it on to those who will appreciate



Au Revoir,



Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon



Paris at the time of Philippe August


(Site Excerpt) That they bought most was bread as for a long time a basic

element of food.

It seems that the corn which fed initially Paris is the corn of Beauce,

because the oldest market, in the Ile de la Citˇ , was called "Beauce

market". The corn arrived by the river Seine and was discharged at the

"Greve" market (currently "Town Hall" square). The mills of the "Grand Pont"

changed it in flour. During the reign of Philippe-Auguste, this market

became too small and at this point in time the king had the "Halles" market

open. The ordinance of March 12, 1322 specified the opening hours of the

three markets:

the "Greve", mentioned above: 6 a.m. then the "Juiverie", then the last one,

the "Halles" at 9 a.m.


Medieval Sourcebook:

Jacques de Vitry: Life of the Students at Paris


(Site Excerpt) They affirmed that the English were drunkards and had tails;

the sons of France proud, effeminate and carefully adorned like women. They

said that the Germans were furious and obscene at their feasts; the Normans,

vain and boastful; the Poitevins, traitors and always adventurers. The

Burgundians they considered vulgar and stupid. The Bretons were reputed to

be fickle and changeable, and were often reproached for the death of Arthur.

The Lombards were called avaricious, vicious and cowardly; the Romans,

seditious, turbulent and slanderous; the Sicilians, tyrannical and cruel;

the inhabitants of Brabant, men of blood, incendiaries, brigands and

ravishers; the Flemish, fickle, prodigal, gluttonous, yielding as butter,

and slothful. After such insults from words they often came to blows.




(Site Excerpt) Many of de Pisan's works urged that women be allowed to

participate more fully in society. She also denounced the way women were

portrayed in Medieval literature. In her long poem, Letter to the God of

Love, she complained that women were often described as dishonest and


"Between Mother Nature and myself

As long as the world lasts, we won't let

Them be so uncherished and unloved,"

she vows. She reminds her readers about the single-minded loyalty of

classical heroines like Penelope and of the Virgin Mary. Some modem scholars

consider de Pisan to be history's first feminist.


Life of Saint Denis


(Site Excerpt) In 1317, King Philip V of France (The Tall) received from his

chaplain Gilles, the abbot of Saint Denis, a luxury copy of a text entitled

The Life of Saint Denis. The manuscript was begun during the reign of Philip

IV (The Fair) at the command of Jean de Pontoise, Abbot of Saint Denis. The

manuscript now preserved in the Biblioth¸que nationale in Paris (French 2090

-2092) contains seventy-seven miniatures illustrating the life and martyrdom

of Saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris and the patron saint of France.


Medieval Sourcebook:

The Great Schism: University of Paris and the Schism, 1393


(Site Excerpt) In 1393 the king of France asked the University of Paris to

devise a way of ending the schism. In response to this request, each member

of the faculty was asked to propose in writing the way which seemed best to

him, and to advance -all the possible arguments in its favor. A commission

of fifty-four professors, masters, and doctors was then appointed to examine

all the proposed ways and means. After mature deliberation this commission

proposed three possible ways of ending the schism and drew them up in

writing and forwarded them to the king. They discussed at some length the

relative advantages and disadvantages of each way. Their letter to the king

is a long one. We give only three brief extracts from it, to show the three

ways which they proposed.


French Medieval Coins



Branle de Bourgoigne, Belle Qui Tiens Ma Vie, Bransles, Bas Dances, Canarie

in A, etc... Midi Downloads


Site also contains non-French music for midi download, much of it medieval

or renaissance in nature.


Musee National du Moyen Age (The former Musee Cluny)


While the site is entirely in French with no English translation available,

there are some great pieces shown, and it is well worth a look. At the

bottom of the page, there is a link for free electronic postcards ("cart

postal") with medieval themes.


Webmuseum Paris


This webmuseum houses some famous artworks and the Tres Riche Heures du Duc

de Berry. It also hosts a virtual tour of Paris.


Notre Dame de Paris


(Site Excerpt) In thinking of Gothic architecture, our thoughts always

ascend. For that which embodies Gothic style most is lofty; Rose windows of

stained glass, ornately crafted spires, and the guardians of grand

cathedrals, the Gargoyles. Each is distinctly Gothic, and all distinctly

Notre Dame de Paris.


Centre de musique mˇdiˇvale de Paris


While this site is also only in French, if you click Choix Discographiques,

you will find another menu which will take you to a bibliography of recorded

medieval music, which IS intelligible to the English reader. Useful for the

music researcher. Also included is a section entitled Quelques instruments

utilisˇs au moyen-‰ge (Various instruments used in the Middle Ages), which

provides illustrations of the instruments being used, and their names in



Map of Medieval Paris


(Site Excerpt) The sixteenth-century Englishman, Fynes Moryson, has provided

us with as good a map of Paris as he has of Rome. Here I have left Moryson's

own description of the monuments below the map. His 'Roman Cathedral' is, of

course, the Notre Dame. Please note, however, that Moryson has put North at

the bottom of the map rather than at the top left as we tend to do now.


The Medieval Paris


(Site Excerpt) By the middle of the 11th century, Paris was administered by

the provost of Paris. During the same century, the first Parisian guilds

were formed.  Later, in 1141, the king sold Paris' principal Seine port to

the river-merchants' guild.  Their coat of arms subsequently became Paris'

coat of arms.  It wasn't until 1171 that Louis VII conferred a charter upon

the river-merchants' guild, confirming its "ancient right" to monopolize the

river trade.


Paris Muse: Make a Pilgrimage to Medieval Paris


(Site Excerpt) "See those greenish sculpted figures there, climbing up the

spire?" Kristen asked visitors on a recent tour. "One of them is holding up

his hand, and turning his head away from the the sun. That is a portrait of

the 19th-century restorer Viollet le Duc, shown as if he were blinded by the

beauty of his own creation."

Viollet le Duc's now controversial 19th-century restorations (of which he

must have been quite proud!) comprise just one of the many episodes of a

complex history that began in 1163, when the first stone was laid. In the

centuries that followed, generations of craftsmen and builders all left

their mark.


Sainte-Genevi¸ve abbey


(A collection of Paris Maps with descriptions and juicy tid-bits. Site

Excerpt) Sainte-Genevi¸ve abbey, at a top of a hill, was one of the oldest

churches of Paris. Here had been buried the saint patroness of the city, and

Clovis, first Frankish merovingian king. Nearby is the actual Pantheon. All

over the hill settled colleges, schools, and the University, called the

Sorbonne. Part of Braun and Hogenberg map of Paris from Civitates Orbis

Terrarum I -7 published in 1572.


Medieval Women Scriptorum: A Parisian Journal


(Site Excerpt) As soon as people heard in Paris that the King was in his

enemies' country, they arranged by common consent the most touching

processions that anyone had ever seen in living memory. On Monday, the next

to last day of May in the same year, the people of the Palais in Paris and

the mendicant orders and others all went in procession barefoot, carrying

various most worthy shrines and the Holy True Cross of the Palais; also the

members of the Parlement of every rank, all two by two, with some thirty

thousand people following after, and all of them barefoot. On Tuesday, the

last day of May in the same year, some of the town's parishes made

processions, the parishioners going around their own parishes. All the

priests wore copes or surplices, each carried a candle and relics, all

barefoot; the shrine of St. Blanchard, of St. Magloire, and two hundred or

more little children going in front, all barefoot and each with a candle or

taper in his hand. Everyone who could afford it carried a torch; all were

barefooted, women and men.


Living And Dining In Medieval Paris

The Household of a Fourteenth-Century Knight (Book for Sale)


(Site Excerpt) A richly detailed account of the culinary world of

fourteenth-century Paris. At the centre of this account lies the Mˇnagier de

Paris, a medieval manuscript covering all aspects of food preparation and

household skills, written by a well-to-do knight for his fifteen-year-old

wife. Through her meticulous study of the manuscript, Nicole

Crossley-Holland paints a vivid picture of life in the knight's household:

his city residence with its walled vegetable and herb garden; his home farm

which provided meat and dairy produce; the country estate where he trained

sparrowhawks and hunted wild boar.




(Site Excerpt) The Latin Quarter is so called because it was the place where

the students at the University of Paris (now the Sorbonne) lived and

studied, and they were required to speak Latin with each other even when

they weren't in class. Most of the Sorbonne is now nondescript office and

classroom buildings. Their monotony is only broken by a simple plaque on one

of them reading "La Sorbonne". The plaque spellbound me; it reminded me that

I was walking in the footsteps of scholars like Peter Abelard, St. Thomas

Aquinas and Erasmus of Rotterdam. But there is a picturesque district right

next to these dull buildings. It is closed to traffic for obvious reasons.

The streets retain their medieval narrowness, and only accommodate

pedestrian two-way traffic. The buildings have a romantic, quaint look to

them. They now mostly house either restaurants or cabarets, with the strange

exception of an old church. One of my travel vouchers was admission to one o

f these cabarets. This included a free crawl through a tunnel into "an

authentic dungeon" supposedly dating from the fourteenth century. It was

only a block away from the oldest street in Paris, also dating from the

fourteenth century. I knew I had to check this out.


Medieval Paris Comes to Huntington Beach

Revival of An Ancient Devotion

By Charles A. Coulombe


(Site Excerpt) "As you are approaching l'Ile de la Cite," continued Turpin,

"where lies one of the jewels of all the European Cathedrals, Notre Dame de

Paris, you hear Gregorian chant. You turn around the corner and see a

beautiful procession. Clad in a golden cope, a priest bears the Blessed

Sacrament in a monstrance, while four laymen hold a canopy over him. Before

them a thurifer swings his censer, and other acolytes scatter flowers. The

choir precedes this group, singing the Pange Lingua Gloriosi; and still

further forward, all the parish is solemnly walking.


The International Medieval Society, Paris


(Site Excerpt) Each year, a great number of academics come to Paris to

conduct research in a field of medieval studies. Because most operate

independently, precious time is wasted in simple orientation to the

different institutions and in gaining access to specialized research

locations. Numerous opportunities are missed..The International Medieval

Society aims to resolve this by creating a center for international

researchers in Paris.


Le Menagier de Paris


(Site Excerpt) This was translated from the French edition of Jerome Pichon

published in 1846. Footnotes marked JP are by him; those marked JH are by

Janet Hinson, the translator; those marked DDF and EGC are by David Friedman

and Elizabeth Cook, respectively.........(c) Janet Hinson ......After these

matters it is desirable to tell you of various general terms relating to

cookery of any quality, and then you will be shown how to know and choose

the foods with which you will work, as follows :First, when you grind spices

and bread for any sauces or soups, you must grind the spices first and

remove them from the mortar, for as you grind the bread it will gather up

any spices remaining; thus you do not lose any speck which would be lost

otherwise.Item, sauces and thickening agents for soups should never be

strained, whereas for sauces they should be so that the sauces be clearer

and also more pleasing.


Gothic Architecture


A series of thumbnails (which expand to full size) and sites dedicated to

the subject.


Middle Ages Crisis: The Medieval Garden (a news article)


(Site Excerpt) The Square de Cluny hid behind billboards detailing the

park's conversion into a garden resembling that of the time when knights

slew dragons and swept damsels in distress off their feet. Those of us who

love Paris like a lady waited impatiently for the day when the gardens would

be unveiled. Well, the idea looked good on parchment. The first section

stands as a monument to the architect's imagination. A small circle bordered

by benches is referred to as a "clearing" and a tatty patch of grass is

named the Forest of the Unicorn. The sign explaining the appellation

describes a mythical place based on the Lady and the Unicorn tapestry series

on display in the neighboring museum, yet the only mystical creatures large

enough for this savage forest are catnaps.

(And for the opposing viewpoint, also see this site: In busy Paris, a quiet

garden of medieval delights

http://search.csmonitor.com/durable/2001/01/02/fp5s1-csm.shtml ).


Beautiful Medieval Riddles Of Paris (An article from the Herald Tribune)


(Site Excerpt) The house of the abbots of Cluny where the gems are displayed

was built in the early 16th century (and alas, restored around 1900). It

remains charming. History is next door, literally. The Gallo-Roman baths of

Lutetia - as the Romans called the city of the Celtic ''Parisii'' - stand

there in ruins, incorporated with the museum.

The first room is dominated by early 16th-century tapestries from Brussels.

Their ''Millefleur'' (''Thousand Blossoms''), amid which pages and damsels

go about their dallying and other business, have a touch of the enchanted



Casteland.com'S Medieval Louvre Castle

http://www.casteland.com/puk/castle/idf/paris/louvre/louvre.htm (Site


The medieval castle at the origin of the current palate was built by king

Philippe-Auguste at the end of XIIe century. Work of restoration of the

Square court and the excavations necessary to the construction of the

pyramid and new spaces of the Carrousel made it possible to carry out

archaeological excavations, to recognize the various phases of the

occupation of the palate and district. The architectural structures of the

basement from now on are included in the circuits of visit. Thus one can

circulate, under the Carrˇe court, in the ditches of the medieval fortress,

circumvent the base of the keep to gain the Saint-Louis room (XIIIe century)

or, with the outlet of the underground car park, to go along the ditches

known as of Charles V..



David Brown Books: List of Books on Medieval Paris



French Medieval Libraries:

A Bibliography (A book for sale)



Medieval Universities


(Site Excerpt) The University of Paris grew out of the schools originally

situated on the Ile de la Citˇ, around the Cathedral of Notre Dame, but

began to achieve its independence when teachers and students withdrew to the

left bank of the Seine River, to the Street of Straw, in the near vicinity

of the Church of St. Genevieve.


The Central Middle Ages: Reform, Revival, and Expansion

States in the Making: England and France Timeline


(Site excerpt) 1189-1199 Richard

Richard I "the Lionheart" was king of England, but spent most of his reign

in defending his territori

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org