Home Page

Stefan's Florilegium


This document is also available in: text or RTF formats.

Ireland-lnks – 12/25/03


A set of web links to information on medieval Ireland by Dame Aoife Finn of Ynos Mon.


NOTE: See also the files: Ireland-msg, cl-Ireland-msg, fd-Ireland-msg, Vikg-n-Irelnd-art, Irish-Vik-fst-art, SI-songbook1-art, Zoomorphics-art, names-Irish-msg.





This file is a collection of various messages having a common theme that I have collected from my reading of the various computer networks. Some messages date back to 1989, some may be as recent as yesterday.


This file is part of a collection of files called Stefan's Florilegium. These files are available on the Internet at: http://www.florilegium.org


I have done a limited amount of editing. Messages having to do with separate topics were sometimes split into different files and sometimes extraneous information was removed. For instance, the message IDs were removed to save space and remove clutter.


The comments made in these messages are not necessarily my viewpoints. I make no claims as to the accuracy of the information given by the individual authors.


Please respect the time and efforts of those who have written these messages. The copyright status of these messages is unclear at this time. If information is published from these messages, please give credit to the originator(s).


Thank you,

    Mark S. Harris                  AKA:  THLord Stefan li Rous

                                          Stefan at florilegium.org



From: "Lis" <liontamr at ptd.net>

Date: Mon May 19, 2003 7:18:50 PM US/Central

To: "Stefan li Rous" <StefanliRous at austin.rr.com>

Subject: Links: Medieval Ireland


Greetings everyone. This week's Links list is about Medieval Ireland. The

internet is a virtual treasure trove (pun intended :) of information on

medieval Ireland. You must use your own judgement on whether or not it is

reliable---This subject *espescially* seems to generate a lot of garbage,

which I shall attribute to my ancestors glib tongues and easy way with

words. Below are about 33 sources for information on Medieval and

Renaissance Ireland---I even found a little bit on Medieval Irish Food

(Thanks to Stefan's Florilegium in particular). There is also some costuming

help and information, as well as a great article on popular Irish names. For

costuming help please also see Sharon Krossa's Medieval Scotland site on

last week's Links list, for her information crosses over the culture boundry

a little and applies somewhat to Ireland as well as Scotland.


I thought I should note that in my searches I came up with a great many hits

for BOOKS about Medieval Ireland, so it is worth it to visit Amazon.com or

Borders websites, and the like, to see what they can unearth about Medieval

Ireland, and then if you'd like those books for free or nearly free,

printing out the list of hits and taking it to your local library for

direct- or inter-library-loan.


I know of several people who have made a study of various aspects of Medieval

Ireland: I'd like to urge those folks (you know who you are) to web your

information or send it to the Florilegium for webbing. It seems the internet

needs your information, because many of the hits I found were messages from

folks who were looking for the names/interpretations of sources, or

information on basic Irish history and  every day life. There seems to be a

great hunger out there for reliable Irish History Information. If you are

knowledgeable, Please share :).






Yahoogroup: Early Medieval Ireland


(Site Excerpt) Early Medieval Ireland [EMI] is a moderated forum for the

discussion of topics relating to the history and archaeology of Early

Medieval Ireland, c.400AD - c.1200AD. Related subjects such as post-Roman

European history, late iron age Ireland, are acceptable where they bear some

relevance to the core purpose of the list.


Peritia Homepage


(Site Excerpt) The word peritia means `skill, expertise, knowledge' and in

Hiberno-Latin it means `historical knowledge', Irish senchas. In the case of

Ireland, Peritia sees the vernacular and Latin traditions, usually separated

by disciplinary boundaries, as expressions of a single cultural entity. It

publishes on all medieval periods but it has tended to concentrate on the

earlier middle ages and has devoted very considerable space to law,

hagiography, palaeography, computistics, institutional history, literary

history, and art and archaeology.


About.com Medieval Ireland



The Case for the "Celtic Church," a thesis by Allison Carroll



Book of Kells Images



The True Story of What the Irish Wore.


see also The Moy Gown http://www.reconstructinghistory.com/irish/moy.html


Medieval Irish Coins



Early Medieval Ireland


(Site Excerpt) The period from approximately 400-1200AD sees the appearance

of the first written works in Ireland, with the exception of the earliest

ogam inscriptions, and thus marks the beginnings of Irish history. The

picture that the texts reveal is of a complex, structured society with

detailed laws, and a full and skillfully crafted literature. It also shows

us a society in constant change. The period also sees the arrival and spread

of Christianity, the consolidation of the multiplicity of petty kingdoms and

the rise of Ireland's most successful and well-known ruling family - the Ui

Neill, the impact of Viking raids and, later, settlement, the rise of urban

centers, the introduction of coinage, and the arrival of the Anglo-Normans.

This constant change is reflected also in the language of the people, moving

with remarkable rapidity from Archaic to Old to Middle Irish, and also the

demise of the ogam script in favour of the Roman.


Settlement and Society in Medieval Ireland


A bibliography of material on the topic.


100 Most Popular Men's Names in Early Medieval Ireland

compiled by Heather Rose Jones

(ska Tangwystyl verch Morgant Glasvryn,((email address deleted))

copyright c 1998, all rights reserved


(Site Excerpt) The following list contains the (slightly less than) one

hundred most common masculine given names in M.A. O'Brien's Corpus

Genealogiarum Hiberniae (Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies,

1976), a collection of Irish genealogical material from the pre-Norman

period (i.e., roughly pre-12th century). While O'Brien's collection includes

some legendary genealogies, the "popularity" requirement for this selection

should filter out any questionable names.

The complete collection contains roughly 10,000 masculine names, so even the

most popular name in this list represents only about 2.5% of the total.

Needless to say, this selection only represents a small number of the names

in the original document, and some "old favorites" will not have made the

cut, however it provides a selection of names that were very typical in the

early medieval period in Ireland.


Warfare in Medieval Ireland


A Bibliographyof sources


Ireland (Hibernia)

Early Medieval Period: 400 - 1200 A.D.


(Site Excerpt)  During the time of Niall Naoighiallach of the Nine Hostages

(d. 405 A.D.), the Irish were great seamen. They were feared along the

coasts of Wales and south-western England. By the 5th century, Ireland was

described as having five kingdoms: Mumha, Ulaid, Connachta, Laighin, and

Midhe. Ulaid, Connachta, and Laighin were named after the founding tribes.

These names survive in the present provinces of Munster, Ulster, Connacht,

and Leinster. In time, Ulaidh split into three kingdoms: Aileach in the

west, Oirghialla in the middle, and Ulaid in the east.(3)


Early Medieval Resources for Britain, Ireland and Brittany



A Guide to Irish Culture on the Web:


(Site Excerpt of "Medieval" Menu) History Medieval Ireland

Earl of Desmond

Early Medieval Irish Clothing

Irish Hammered Coinage c.995-1660

Medieval Dublin

Medieval Irish Plea Rolls

The Bull of Pope Adrian


Medieval Ireland:

Warriors, Saints and Scholars  ( A course offered by NYU)


See espescially the "required texts" and "reserve reading" sections for



Hiberno-Norman French: A Bibliography in Progress



a History of the irish race: Learning in Mediaeval Ireland


(Site Excerpt) After the defeat of the Norsemen by King Brian at the Battle

of Clontarf (1014) there was a flowering of the National Mind in literature.

So the political freedom of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries saw a

re-birth of intellectual, as well as of agricultural and commercial activity

in Ireland. It was a Golden Age of Gaelic Literature. As the wider gates of

Irelands commerce opened on the South and West coasts, so her scholars,

pilgrims. Clerics and craftsmen followed in the wake of her merchants,

through the Gaulish seas into France and Italy.


Medieval Sourcebook: Gerald of Wales:

The Norman Conquest of Ireland (12th Century)


(Site Excerpt) Gerald of Wales (1146-1223), bishop of noble extraction, in

his histories, left an account of the Norman invasion and conquest of

Ireland. The Irish conquest was an extension of the conquest of Wales - an

activity of Norman lords in the marches who were acting more or less

independently of the crown. Once successful, their conquests were adopted by

Henry II. account of this event, of which the following excerpts tell us

something of its earlier phases. It was a Norman not an "English" effort,

and it is interesting to note that the Fitzgerald family, here represented

by Maurice Fitzgerald, who are the ancestors of John and Robert Kennedy,

first appeared in Ireland as Anglo-Norman invaders and conquerors of the

native Irish population.


Ireland's History in Maps Bibliography



Map of Ireland c. 1500



Historic Irish Castles



Chronicon: An Electronic History Journal Published by the

Department of History University College Cork Ireland


(Site Excerpt) Chronicon is an electronic journal of history. It is

published annually and is freely available on the Internet. The journal

publishes articles relating to history--ancient, medieval and modern--but

with a particular focus on Irish history. It contains reviews of

publications and notices of scholarly developments. The journal will provide

a forum for scholars to exchange views on matters of topical interest.


Medeival Sourcebook Selected Sources: Celtic States


A list of sources for further study, most online.


The Archaeology of Ancient Ireland


(Site Excerpt) Food and farming. Archaeological evidence in this matter is

meagre before the Christian era, and depends at its earliest stages on the

study of plant pollen. Cereal grains--oats, barley, wheat--were an important

part of the diet. Sheep, goats, and swine were also raised for food and

leather (and in the case of sheep and goats, milk and wool or hair). Cattle,

however, were the most important domestic animals, with milk and other dairy

products furnishing very important staple foods. Meat from cattle was also

important, but the absence of refrigeration made the slaughtering of a large

animal a more occasional matter. Hides, too, were an important byproduct.

There is little mention of chickens in the earliest legal texts (Edwards

59), and in general the importance of domestic fowl and eggs in the diet of

the time is unclear. The potato was unknown in Ireland until it was brought

back from South America at a much later time.


Irish Archaeology & History Mailing list Suite (IAHMS)


This page is essentially a list of mailing lists sorted according to Irish

Archaeological ages.


ORB: The Medieval Celtic Fringe

A Guide to Online Resources

Section Editor: Christopher A. Snyder, Acting Chair, Department of History

and Politics, Marymount University


(Site Excerpt) In the early Middle Ages, Celtic-speaking populations

survived in an even smaller fringe, which included Ireland (which was never

conquered by the Romans), Cornwall, the Isle of Man, and Wales and Scotland

(whose mountainous regions never became Romanized), as well as Brittany in

western Gaul (settled by Britons in the fifth and sixth centuries AD).

Celtic languages predominated in these areas throughout the medieval period,

a period in which Christianity mixed with indigenous pagan custom to produce

a unique and dynamic culture.  The Age of the Saints in the early Celtic

churches, which lasted up to the Viking invasions of the ninth century,

produced such figures as Patrick, Brigid, David, and Columba.


Stefan's Florilegium, Food In Ireland


This is a compilation of messages Stefan has collected on the subject of

Food in Medieval Ireland. There is a great deal of good information here. I

heartily recomend wading through it to get the the wheat of the matter,

despite the presence of a very little chaff :)


A Little History of Irish Food: Poultry and Eggs


(Site Excerpt) Dovecotes play an important role because of the need in

Ireland for winter food. Dovecotes served as a larder in which pigeons could

be taken at will in the winter. Pigeons breed five to six times a year and

many dovecotes being built in England and Ireland could house as many as

three hundred or more pairs.

(Ed: PLEASE also see the links to the left of the page: "Meat, Fish, Dairy,

Cereal, Fruit/Veg, The Potato," (ed: Bah!) and "Wild Food").


ORB: Old Irish and Early Christian Ireland: A Basic Bibliography



ORB: WEMSK39:Celtic Literature


(Site Excerpt) There is, of course, no Proto-Celtic literature, though there


been attempts to reconstruct some of it. When I posted a similar

bibliography to medtextl back in August, 1991, a number of

medtextlers, particularly Charlie Wright (Irish) and Paul Schaffner

(Welsh), posted more extensive bibliographies and additions; the

medtextl archives will contain these, and I suggest you look

there.] 1. Bibliographies: (Ed: follows an extensive list of sources,

deleted for the purpose of this excerpt).


ORB: Lectures for A Medieval Survey by Lynn H. Nelson THE RISE OF



This paper is included because of it's treatment of Saint Patrick.


Project Gutenberg: The King of Ireland's Son


Please beware of wrapped text in URLS via email.Often times the "wrapped"

bit is dropped fromt he hotlink. It is best to copy-paste the URL. Failing

that method, simply go to http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/ and in the Title

search, leave the author blank and type Ireland into the Title Words box.

(Site Excerpt of notes on this downloadable book of Irish Folk

Tales --written down in modern time but based upon historic texts) Contents:

Fedelma, the enchanters's daughter -- When the king of the cats came to king

connal's dominion -- The sword of light and the unique tale, with as much of

the adventures of Gilly of the Goatskin as is given in "The cranskin

book" -- The town of the red castle -- The king of the land of mist -- The

house of crom duv -- The spae-woman.


Medieval Sourcebook:

Bede: The Life and Miracles of St. Cuthbert, Bishop of Lindesfarne (721)


(Site Excerpt) Bede was born in 673, in Northumberland, became a monk and

died at Jarrow in 735. His modern feast day is May 25. He was one of the

most important intellects, and most prolific writers of his time. Among his

other accomplishments was in becoming the only Englishman in Dante's Divine

Comedy. His most important work his is History of the English Church and

People, but he wrote many others - biblical commentaries and hagiography in



<the end>

Formatting copyright © Mark S. Harris (THLord Stefan li Rous).
All other copyrights are property of the original article and message authors.

Comments to the Editor: stefan at florilegium.org